Binary Options Trading in the UK - Is It Legal in 2020

Immediate Edge Review, Is Immediate Edge SCAM Or Legit Trading App?

Immediate Edge Review, Is Immediate Edge SCAM Or Legit Trading App?

Immediate Edge Review: Is This Crypto Robot Legit or Scam
Immediate Edge Review and investigation 20twenty. The Immediate Edge app is a crypto, forex and choices trading robot utilized by folks to automatically obtain and sell Bitcoin and create profits. Wanting at the website, many people claim it helped them move from rags-to-riches trading Bitcoin. Further, some claims linked it to Ronaldo and Sir Alex Ferguson

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Is Immediate Edge app legit or scam? Whereas the claims of its linkage to the higher than celebrities are unverifiable, we tend to can verify that the app is not a scam and permits individuals to trade Bitcoin using the Fibonacci strategy with ten minutes time frames
The app, that allows people to deposit at least $250 through mastercard and Sofort, scores 88% rate and a 5 stars as a real software
Since there are several scam cryptos, forex and options brokers who trick individuals to depositing money, and then they run away with the funds, we have taken time to review this software to determine if it is real or a scam.
Is Immediate Edge scam or legit
High success rate is reported by users with this software.
The Immediate Edge web site provides truthful claims about the service though it will not mean the crypto trading risks are eliminated with its use.
Customers should start with the minimum investment and increase it when satisfied with the utilization of the app.
Click the link to access Immediate Edge official web site or keep reading to understand more
This software will not seem to be a scam and users report that it helped them make real money trading on it.b site
What is Immediate Edge App?
Immediate Edgecould be a robot or auto-trading software that allows folks to trade forex, crypto and binary choices. A user deploys the algorithm-primarily based bot, which relies on a trading strategy that's automatically executed on a broker trading platform once deployed.
The strategy is coded or set like to permit the user to automatically get and sell crypto, stock or choices on the broker platform at favorable prices, to form profits. It can do automatic market analysis by analyzing a vast amount of knowledge from completely different sources, at intervals seconds and with high accuracy, then use the data to predict the costs. It can then come up with a transparent buy or sell tradable signal and then execute it automatically by shopping for and/or selling on the broker platform.
The software can, therefore, save a trader thousands of manual hours and labor they might have spent analyzing information to form trading choices and to follow the markets and to position and close trades. You conjointly do not want to understand anything concerning crypto, stock or option trading to use this auto trading app, although it is suggested to possess this information to keep improving on trading.
Trading bots will achieve high success rates of more than 90p.c and have been tested to work. You may be searching for Immediate Edge scam but the website can tell you that you can expect to earn between $950 and $a pair of,two hundred per day using the software but that depends on your expertise. As a newbie, you'll not start making that a lot of immediately and conjointly it depends on how a lot of you invest. With an investment of $250, you'll be able to expect to form a lot of lesser although some people claim to own made $12a pair of in a very few hours using this software.
That will not mean Immediate Edge is error-free. There still is a heap of unpredictable high volatility in crypto and bots will make mistakes and errors to create losses. Auto trading robots are better employed in combination with manual trading strategies.

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Immediate Edge Review
How will Immediate Edge work?
All a user has to try and do is join up at the Immediate Edge web site, then deposit funds to have access to the robot, when which they can begin trading by switching on the bot. It will would like no control or intervention from humans, beyond beginning and stopping it.
You additionally need to stay checking, daily, to observe the performance of the software in doing its job and ensure that it is earning any returns needless to say. From there, you can confirm whether or not to extend or decrease your investment towards crypto, options or stock trading using this robot.
You'll be able to also monitor performance to be ready to regulate the trading settings from your dashboard and optimize totally different features of the trading bot for instance set amount of trades or amount to invest in every trade.
Founder of Immediate Edge
In line with the Immediate Edge website, this trading bot was founded by Edwin James. Reportedly, he created billions with forex, crypto, and binary options trading and still shares his strategies on the way to trade the assets on the app.
He founded the app to create it potential for brand spanking new traders to create cash in less than 3 minutes of signing up.
How to sign up on Immediate Edge:
Registration: Registering or signing up on the website is free but to start trading, you want to deposit no less than $250. You discover a registration type on the top right of the page, on that you type in your email, full names and phone numbers and country code. Create a password to be used for logging in later.
Deposit funds: Depositing funds allows you to connect to a robot broker and then you'll begin the bot to start out trading. You'll deposit with Visa, Wire Transfers, Klarna or Skrill. The currencies supported are Swiss Franc, British Pound, US Greenback, and Euro and using a credit or debit card limits deposits to less than $/£/€/?10,00zero in one day and $/£/€/?40,000 in an exceedingly month.
Immediate Edgeisn’t licensed to handle your funds, it works with brokers to handle the cash once it's deposited.
Demo trading: Relying on the broker you're connected to, you can begin to practice trading with the Immediate Edge software. Some brokers do not have this feature on their platforms. Still, with the latter, you can test their options before you deposit cash to try and do live trading. With the demo options, you'll be able to familiarize yourself with the trading house before beginning to use real money to trade.
Trading: Before and when you've got switched on auto-trading, you would like to check the trading settings daily. You'll regulate some things including stop-loss orders and when to try to to them, amount to speculate per trade and how several trades to try to to per day. You'll be able to also choose that cryptocurrencies to trade, and you'll be able to select all the most in style ones together with Bitcoin and Ethereum. You also get to observe the profits/losses and decide if to continue and/or when to prevent.

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Withdrawals, user verification, cost of using the app and alternative options

The payouts or withdrawals are made by filling letter of invitation type on the funds’ management page and it can take two operating days to replicate in your checking account. No fee is charged on withdrawals. You'll withdraw your cash including the capital while not a lot of problem on this app, that is better than several that don't enable withdrawals at any time
While some bots need verifications by asking for your ID and statements, this one will not. You are done once uploading your payment details. The bot charges a commission on profit. Besides, you get twenty fouseven client support on Immediate Edge
Immediate Edge may be a legit, secure, user-friendly trading application for crypto, stocks, and choices. It has a zealous customer service and reports a high success rate. Another smart robot we have recently reviewed is Bitcoin Professional
We tend to hope that this review helped you to make a decision concerning this trading app. Additionally, subscribe to our web site to be invariably notified concerning new software from this industry. For live reviews subscribe to our Youtube Channel or FB Page.

https://www.immediateedge.org/
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https://twitter.com/EdgeImmediate
https://www.instagram.com/immediateedge/
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Binary Options Review; Best Binary Options Brokers

Binary Options Review; Best Binary Options Brokers

Binary Options Review; Best Binary Options Brokers
We have compared the best regulated binary options brokers and platforms in May 2020 and created this top list. Every binary options company here has been personally reviewed by us to help you find the best binary options platform for both beginners and experts. The broker comparison list below shows which binary trading sites came out on top based on different criteria.
You can put different trading signals into consideration such as using payout (maximum returns), minimum deposit, bonus offers, or if the operator is regulated or not. You can also read full reviews of each broker, helping you make the best choice. This review is to ensure traders don't lose money in their trading account.
How to Compare Brokers and Platforms
In order to trade binary options, you need to engage the services of a binary options broker that accepts clients from your country e.g. check US trade requirements if you are in the United States. Here at bitcoinbinaryoptionsreview.com, we have provided all the best comparison factors that will help you select which trading broker to open an account with. We have also looked at our most popular or frequently asked questions, and have noted that these are important factors when traders are comparing different brokers:
  1. What is the Minimum Deposit? (These range from $5 or $10 up to $250)
  2. Are they regulated or licensed, and with which regulator?
  3. Can I open a Demo Account?
  4. Is there a signals service, and is it free?
  5. Can I trade on my mobile phone and is there a mobile app?
  6. Is there a Bonus available for new trader accounts? What are the Terms and
  7. conditions?
  8. Who has the best binary trading platform? Do you need high detail charts with technical analysis indicators?
  9. Which broker has the best asset lists? Do they offer forex, cryptocurrency, commodities, indices, and stocks – and how many of each?
  10. Which broker has the largest range of expiry times (30 seconds, 60 seconds, end of the day, long term, etc?)
  11. How much is the minimum trade size or amount?
  12. What types of options are available? (Touch, Ladder, Boundary, Pairs, etc)
  13. Additional Tools – Like Early closure or Metatrader 4 (Mt4) plugin or integration
  14. Do they operate a Robot or offer automated trading software?
  15. What is Customer Service like? Do they offer telephone, email and live chat customer support – and in which countries? Do they list direct contact details?
  16. Who has the best payouts or maximum returns? Check the markets you will trade.
The Regulated Binary Brokers
Regulation and licensing is a key factor when judging the best broker. Unregulated brokers are not always scams, or untrustworthy, but it does mean a trader must do more ‘due diligence’ before trading with them. A regulated broker is the safest option.
Regulators - Leading regulatory bodies include:
  • CySec – The Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (Cyprus and the EU)
  • FCA – Financial Conduct Authority (UK)
  • CFTC – Commodity Futures Trading Commission (US)
  • FSB – Financial Services Board (South Africa)
  • ASIC – Australia Securities and Investment Commission
There are other regulators in addition to the above, and in some cases, brokers will be regulated by more than one organization. This is becoming more common in Europe where binary options are coming under increased scrutiny. Reputable, premier brands will have regulation of some sort.
Regulation is there to protect traders, to ensure their money is correctly held and to give them a path to take in the event of a dispute. It should therefore be an important consideration when choosing a trading partner.
Bonuses - Both sign up bonuses and demo accounts are used to attract new clients. Bonuses are often a deposit match, a one-off payment, or risk-free trade. Whatever the form of a bonus, there are terms and conditions that need to be read.
It is worth taking the time to understand those terms before signing up or clicking accept on a bonus offer. If the terms are not to your liking then the bonus loses any attraction and that broker may not be the best choice. Some bonus terms tie in your initial deposit too. It is worth reading T&Cs before agreeing to any bonus, and worth noting that many brokers will give you the option to ‘opt-out’ of taking a bonus.
Using a bonus effectively is harder than it sounds. If considering taking up one of these offers, think about whether, and how, it might affect your trading. One common issue is that turnover requirements within the terms, often cause traders to ‘over-trade’. If the bonus does not suit you, turn it down.
How to Find the Right Broker
But how do you find a good broker? Well, that’s where BitcoinBinaryOptionsReview.com comes in. We assess and evaluate binary options brokers so that traders know exactly what to expect when signing up with them. Our financial experts have more than 20 years of experience in the financial business and have reviewed dozens of brokers.
Being former traders ourselves, we know precisely what you need. That’s why we’ll do our best to provide our readers with the most accurate information. We are one of the leading websites in this area of expertise, with very detailed and thorough analyses of every broker we encounter. You will notice that each aspect of any broker’s offer has a separate article about it, which just goes to show you how seriously we approach each company. This website is your best source of information about binary options brokers and one of your best tools in determining which one of them you want as your link to the binary options market.
Why Use a Binary Options Trading Review?
So, why is all this relevant? As you may already know, it is difficult to fully control things that take place online. There are people who only pose as binary options brokers in order to scam you and disappear with your money. True, most of the brokers we encounter turn out to be legit, but why take unnecessary risks?
Just let us do our job and then check out the results before making any major decisions. All our investigations regarding brokers’ reliability can be seen if you click on our Scam Tab, so give it a go and see how we operate. More detailed scam reports than these are simply impossible to find. However, the most important part of this website can be found if you go to our Brokers Tab.
There you can find extensive analyses of numerous binary options brokers irrespective of your trading strategy. Each company is represented with an all-encompassing review and several other articles dealing with various aspects of their offer. A list containing the very best choices will appear on your screen as you enter our website whose intuitive design will allow you to access all the most important information in real-time.
We will explain minimum deposits, money withdrawals, bonuses, trading platforms, and many more topics down to the smallest detail. Rest assured, this amount of high-quality content dedicated exclusively to trading cannot be found anywhere else. Therefore, visiting us before making any important decisions regarding this type of trading is the best thing to do.
CONCLUSION: Stay ahead of the market, and recover from all kinds of binary options trading loss, including market losses in bitcoin, cryptocurrency, and forex markets too. Send your request via email to - [email protected]
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[Megathread] XMG FUSION 15 (with Intel)


On September 6 at IFA, press released their first reports about our collaboration project with Intel: XMG FUSION 15.
Community Links:

Press Links:

Video Links:

The following key facts have already been revealed:
Prices and availability will be announced on September 17. → Countdown to xmg.gg
Teaser Trailer on YouTube: XMG FUSION 15 Laptop | A Design Collaboration with Intel
We look forward to your questions and your feedback!

XMG FUSION 15 - FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)

This FAQ represents Q&A's over the last few days here. Fellow redditor u/iterateandgit was so kind to help me putting this document together. Big shout out to him please! The FAQ will be further extended over the coming days and weeks. Please keep the questions coming!

Sales, Shipping, Warranty


Q: Are you going to sell this on Amazon in the EU?
A: We are working on getting the product up and running on Amazon. But our own BTO shop at www.bestware.com will always be our primary sales channel and will be the only one where you can customize and configure memory, storage, OS, extend your warranty and pick other options.

Q: Do you offer student discounts or other sales compaigns like black friday?
A: In general, we don't offer student discounts. Sales campaigns are planned just in time, depending on stock level and cannot be announced early. If you want to keep up to date about sales campaigns, please subscribe to our newsletter.

Q: Do you ship to the UK? Can I pay in GBP?
A: We ship to the UK - the pricing will be in EUR, so your bank will do the conversion. Warranty services will be available from UK, shipping to Germany. Currently, in the single markets, these resturn shipments are free for the end-user. In the worst case there might be additional customs fees for shipping.

Q: What warranty options do you offer?
A: All our laptops come with 2 year warranty. Warranty repairs in the first 6 months are promised to be done within 48 hours (+shipping). Both the "instant repair" service and the warranty itself can be extended to up to 3 years.

Q: Do you sell outside of Europe?
A: We are able to ship anywhere, but warranty for customers outside the region would always involve additional customs cost and paperwork for sending the laptop back to Germany in the rare event of an RMA. There is currently no agreement to let other Local OEMs (like Eluktronics in the US) carry the warranty for XMG customers and vice-versa. Some parts are customized (in our case the LCD lid and the keyboard) and it won't be easy to agree on how to share handling fees etc. - so I wouldn't expect a global warranty anytime soon.


Hardware, Specs, Thermals


Q: What is the difference between XMG FUSION 15 and other laptops based on Intel's reference design?
A: The hardware of the barebone will be identical. Other Local OEMs might use different parts for RAM and SSDs. Our branding and service/warranty options might be different. We apply our own set of performance profiles in the Control Center. This will rebalance the differentiation between Silent, Balanced and Enthusiast modes.

Q: What is the TGP of the NVIDIA RTX 2070 Max-Q?
A: Officially, it is 80W in Balanced profile and 90W in Enthusiast profile. You can toggle between these modes in real-time with a dedicated mode switch button. Inofficially, the TGP can go up to 115W in Enthusiast profile thanks to the Overboost mechanic, working in the background. However, those 115W may only be sustained until the system has reached thermal saturation, i.e. when the GPU is approaching the GPU Temperature Target of 75°C.

Q: Can I upgrade the storage and memory after I buy?
A: On storage: The laptop has two m.2 PCI-Express SSD slots. This will give you currently up to 4 TB of SSD storage. There is no 2.5" HDD slot available. Instead, the battery is enlarged to 93.48Wh. You can see pictures of the interior layouts here, here and here.
On memory: the laptop has two SO-DIMM DDR4 memory sockets. You can chose during BTO configuration, if you want to occupy both of them when you order the product. We recommend running the laptop in Dual Channel for high-performance usage.

Q: How easy is to upgrade and repair this laptop?
A: Here are the key facts:
We would give this a solid 8 out of 10 which is pretty high for such a thin&light design. The 2 remaining points are substracted for BGA CPU and GPU, which is unfortunately unavoidable in such a thin design.

Q: Does it support Windows Hello?
A: A Fingerprint-Reader is not available, but the HD webcam comes with Infrared and supports Windows Hello.

Q: Can I get a smaller, lighter charger for this laptop?
A: XMG FUSION 15 requires a 230W power adaptor to provide full performance. If you max out CPU and GPU with furmark and prime, the 230W adapter will be fully utilized.
There are currently two compatible 230W adapters. They have different dimensions but similar weight. Please refer to this comparison table:
XMG FUSION 15 Power Supply Comparsion Table (Google Drive)
Includes shop links. Will be updated with precise weight numbers in the next few days. I also included 120W, 150W and 180W in this table. They all share the same plug (5.5/2.5,, diameter, 12.5mm length). But 120W and 150W are only rated for 19V but the laptop expect 19.5V. Usually this will be compensated by tolerance but we haven't tested how a system would behave under long-term usage with such an adaptor.
In theory, 120W to 180W are enough for charing the laptop and for browsing/web/media. Even a full CPU stress test could easily be handled. But as soon as you use CPU and GPU together, you'll run into the bottleneck and your performance will be reduced.
Comparison pictures:
These 5 pictures show only the relevant 230W chargers.
Again, the weight is about the same.

Q: Is it possible to boot and run the laptop while the lid is kept closed?
A: Closing the lid under load is not recommended because it will limit the airflow and have a bad effect on keyboard and screen. The laptop likes to take air in from the keycaps. With lid closed, the performance might be limited due to reaching temp targets earlier.

Q: Can I get the laptop without the XMG logo? I will be using it in public presentations and I would not like any brand names visible.
A: We cannot ship without XMG logo, but you can use a dbrand skins to cover our logo. We have not yet decided if we want to invest into integrating XMG FUSION 15 into the dbrand shop. But you can already buy 100% compatible skins by using the page of the Eluktronics MAG-15 at dbrand. The chassis dimensions are exactly the same. Please be aware: you have to manually select the option "No Logo Cutout" if you want to buy these skins for your XMG FUSION 15. According to dbrand, there will be most likely no import fees when ordering from the EU as long as the order is below 100€. Check this thread for details.

Q: Will you offer thermal paste upgrades like Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut or Liquid Metal?
A: Our ODMs are using silicon-based, high-performance thermal compund from international manufacturers like Shin-Etsu (Japan) and M.G. (USA). Intel is using MG-860 in this reference design.
These products are used in the industrial sector, so they have no publicly known brand name. Nevertheless, their high thermal conductivity and guaranteed durability provide optimal and long-lasting cooling of your high-performance laptop. The thermal compounds are applied and sealed automatically by the vendor of the thermal components. They are applied in a highly controlled, standardized manner and provide the best balance of thermal performance, production tolerance and product lifetime.
We are considering offering an upgrade to Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut due to popular demand. Will keep you posted on that.

Q: Could you please provide an estimate for how much regular usage (~10 browser tabs + some IDE) battery backup would this have? Will there be any way to trade-off battery backup with performance?
A: Battery life vs. peak performance can be traded off by using the "Silent" performance profile. You can switch between profiles using a dedicated button on the machine. Your scenario (10 tabs + some IDE) sounds like mostly reading and writing. I would estimate to get at least 7 hours of solid battery life in such a scenario, maybe more. We have achieved 8 hours in 1080p Youtube streaming on WiFi with 50% screen brightness. Adblock and NoScript helps to keep your idle browser tabs in check.


I/O Ports, Peripherals


Q: Why are there not more USB-A 3.1 Gen2 or even USB 3.2 Gen2x2 ports?
A: USB-A 3.1 Gen1 is basically the same as USB 3.0. There aren't a lot of USB-A devices that support more than USB 3.0 speed. Faster devices typically use USB-C connectors and can be used on Thunderbolt 3, which is down-compatible to USB-C 3.1 Gen2. One of the USB-A ports actually supports Gen2 speed.
For the following remarks, please keep in mind that I am not an Intel rep, so everything is based on our own experience.
The mainboard design and the I/O port decisions have been made by Intel. Feedback and requests from LOEM customers have been taken into consideration. We would assume that USB 3.2. Gen2x2 (20 Gbit/s) was not considered to be important enough to safe space for 3rd party IC (integrated circuits) on the motherboard. Right now, all the USB ports and Thunderbolts are supplied by Intel's own IC, so they have full control over the hardware, firmware and driver stack and over power saving and performance control. The more IC you add, the higher your Idle power consumption will be, plus adding potential compatibility or speed issues as it often happens with 1st generation 3rd party USB implementations. I very well remember from my own experience the support stories during the first years of USB 3.0, before it was supported in the Intel chipset. On the one hand, Intel is aiming high in terms of performance and convenience, on the other hand: support and reliability still seem to be Intel's goal #1. Thus they seem to play it safe where they deem it to be reasonable.
Intel is gearing up for USB 4.0 and next-gen Thunderbolt. USB 3.2 2x2 is probably treated as little more than a roadmap accident. Peripheral vendors might see it the same way.

Q: Do you support charging over USB-C/Thunderbolt? Does it support docking stations?
A: The Thunderbolt 3 port in Intel's reference design does not support charging. As you probably know, the 100W limit would not be enough to power the whole system and it would make the mainboard more complex to combine two different ways of charging. Intel consciously opted against it and will probably do so again on future high-end gaming/studio models.
The USB-C/Thunderbolt port supports Dual-Link DisplayPort signals, directly connected to the NVIDIA Graphics. This makes proper docking station usage very convenient. The user still needs to connect the external power adaptor. Both ports (Thunderbolt and DC-in) are in the back of the laptop, making the whole setup appear very neat on the desk.

Q: How many PCIe lanes does the Thunderbolt 3 provide? Are they connected to CPU or Chipset?
A: XMG FUSION 15 supports Thunderbolt 3 with 4 lanes of PCIe 3.0. The lanes come from the chipset because all of the CPU lanes (x16) are fully occupied by the dedicated NVIDIA graphics. We are not aware of any side-effects of running Thunderbolt from the chipset. It is common practice for high-end laptops with high-end graphics. The Thunderbolt solution is of course fully validated and certified by Intel's Thunderbolt labs.

Q: Does it have a standby USB to power USB devices without turning on the laptop?
A: Yes, the USB-A port on the left side supports this feature.


LCD Screen


Q: Which LCD panel is being used? Are there plans for 1440p or 4K panels in the laptop? How about PWM flickering?
A: The panel is BOE NV156FHM-N4G. It is currently not known if the panel will change in later batches. This depends on logistics and stock. At any rate, the panel key specs will remain the same. There are currently no plans to offer resolutions above FHD in the current generation of this laptop.
There are very wide ranges on reports of Backlight Brightness PWM control on this panel in different laptops. Ranging from 200Hz to 1000Hz to no PWM at all - all on the same panel model number. Intel informs us that there are many factors (e.g. freq., display driver, BIOS settings implementation, type of dimmers & compatibility with the driver etc.) that impacts the quality of panel dimming performance. To Intel's knowledge, no kind of flickering has been reported during the validation process. Furthermore, first hands-on data from Notebookcheck indicates that no PWM occurs on this panel. With a DSLR test (multiple burst shots at 1/4000s exposure time) I can confirm that there is not a single frame of brightness dipping or black screen, not even at minimum LCD brightness. Hence, we can confirm: BOE NV156FHM-N4G in XMG FUSION 15 (with Intel) does not use PWM for backlight control.

Q: Some BTO shops, for an additional fee, manually pick out display panels with the least back-light bleed. Do you offer that? Even better, do you do that without the extra fee?
A: Intel has validated this design to avoid backlight bleed as much as possible. Currently no plans to do further binning. All dozens of MP samples we have seen so far have been exceptionally good.

Q: I'm coming from a 13" MacBook with Retina display. How am I going to fare with this 15.6" FHD screen in content creation?
A: If you got used to editing high-res visual content (photography, artwork) on your 13inch retina, things will change. On the one hand, your canvas will be larger and more convenient and ergonomic to work with. On the other hand, you will find yourself zooming in more often in order to make out fine-detail. Assuming that you have sharp 20:20 vision.
As it is, the screen resolution and specs are not planned to change within the lifetime of this product. The first realistic time-window for a refresh would be whenever Intel is releasing the next "H" series CPU generation. But even then, an upgrade on resolution will not be guaranteed.
Comparison:
Laptop Resolution Pixel per inch dot pitch
13.3" MacBook Pro Retina (late 2013) 2560x1600 226.98 PPI 0.1119mm
15.6" XMG FUSION 15 (late 2019) 1920x1080 141.21 PPI 0.1799mm
To compare: 141.21 is ~62% from 226.98. This represents the the metric difference in pixel density and peak sharpness between these two models.
If you know the diagonal size and resolution of your screen, you can make this comparison yourself with the DPI/PPI calculator.


Keyboard, Backlight, Switches, Layout


Q: What can you tell us about the mechanical keyboard of XMG FUSION 15?
A: The keyboard has already been reviewed in our XMG NEO series as being more crisp than typical membrane keyboards. Most reviewers attested it a very good score, both for gaming and for writing long texts.
The keyboard backlight can be configured per-key. Default mode is all white.
Keyboard Switch Specs:
Having no frame around the keycaps actually helps the thermals. The fans can pull in additional air from the top. This improves airflow and helps to keep the keyboard temperature at low levels during gaming. It also prevents long-term RMA issues on the keyboard. This specific keyboard switch is already in its 3rd generation and very mature by now.

Q: Is it possible to dampen the mechanical keyboard with o-rings?
A: The switch design does not lend itself to further dampening. The switch mechanic is too complex and has more moving parts than cherry. The 2mm travel distance also plays a role in not allowing more dampening.
For reference, please use this video (Youtube). We compared XMG NEO with another membrane-type keyboard. XMG NEO and FUSION share the same keyboard mechanics with the silent tactile switch and the same sound profile.

Q: Do you have LED keyboard backlight on the secondary key function, like Fn key icons?
A: Please have a look at this picture.
Btw, my working sample has blank keycaps. I took the 3 printed keycaps (F8, F9, F10) from a different sample just to demonstrate the Fn lighting for this picture.
Facts:
In my assesment, the Fn function symbols are clearly visible from the backlight in a dark room. A user should have no difficulty to recognize the icon and reach its function.

Q: Which keyboard layouts do you offer in the EU?
A: The following layouts are available, in alphabetic order: Belgium, Czech, Danish, Dvorak German, Dvorak US, Estonia, French, German, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Polish for Typists, Portuguese, Russia Latin, Slovakish, Spanish, Swedish / Finnish, Swiss, Turkish, UK, US International (ISO)All these layouts are based on the ISO matrix. See differences between ANSI vs. ISO here.


Operating System


Q: Do you support Linux and dual-boot on XMG FUSION 15?
A: We are in discussion to sell XMG FUSION 15 over Tuxedo with official Linux support. It might take 1 or 2 months to get this running.

Q: Which LAN, Audio and WiFi card vendors will be used? Asking for a friend.
A: From our HWiNFO64 report. (Google Drive link)
LAN: RealTek Semiconductor RTL8168/8111 [PCI\VEN_10EC&DEV_8168&SUBSYS_20868086&REV_15]Audio: Intel(R) Smart Sound Technology (Intel(R) SST) Audio Controller [PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_A348&SUBSYS_20868086&REV_10]WiFi: Intel(R) Wi-Fi 6 AX200 [PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_2723&SUBSYS_00848086&REV_1A], can be replaced.
For more information, please check the linked report file.


Other questions


Q: What would you say are the advantages and differences with other laptops due to the fact the laptop was designed in collaboration with Intel?
A: Disclaimer: I am \not* an Intel rep. The following remarks are based on my personal experience and opinion.*
Advantages:
  1. Very strict quality control on all levels. I can't quote numbers due to NDA, but Intel NUC has extremely low RMA rates, compared to average PC mainboards and systems. Intel is driven by strict internal regulation that strifes for perfection - this applies to the whole chassis, assembly and firmware, not only the mainboard. There are also certain regulations in place, for example in terms of electro-magnetic regulation and skin temperatures. The rating label is littered with regulatory seals from every region of the world, making this laptop especially safe to use.
  2. Access to high-quality material: we have not seen any Gaming Laptops based on Magnesium alloy yet, especially not in the ODM/LOEM ecosystem. The battery cells are also much more dense than what we usually see. Intel has the buying power and the vision to not settle for mediocre parts.
  3. Down-to-earth design: Intel has made this reference design for the ODM/LOEM eco-system. The design does not try to follow any specific corporate identity, thus it does not have any unneccessary "bling bling" like all the others have. Even the Razer Blade with it's sleek shape is quite obnoxious (iny my oppinion) with it's big backlit green snake logo. With XMG FUSION however, we can continue our typical style of "Undercover Gaming".
  4. Security: you can expect stellar support in terms of BIOS and Firmware (TPM, Management Engine) updates whenever any security issues are found. This might also apply to global brands, but ODM/LOEM systems have not always been so quick to react. This is due to the huge fragmentation/customizations in ODM/LOEM systems. Intel however does now allow any fragmentation: every LOEM partner is getting the same firmware. There are many hooks for configurations in this firmware, but the source code / binaries are always the same. This makes support much easier down the line.
Disadvantages:
  1. I can't name many, of course. But I would say the strict validation also makes the partnership less flexible from a product management perspective. There is no plan currently to phase-in any 4K or 300Hz screen (FHD/144Hz ought to be enough for everyone this year) or any Core i9 in this system. Other ODMs might be more open for costly modifications based on low quantities. Intel however has streamlined their production and logistics in a way that gives us (the LOEM) very short lead times and competitive pricing, but will not allow any short-notice upgrades or customizations.

Q: Will there be a 17 inch version?
A: We can neither confirm nor deny plans for a 17 inch version at this point.


[to be continued]
submitted by XMG_gg to XMG_gg [link] [comments]

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submitted by IQstockbroker to u/IQstockbroker [link] [comments]

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submitted by onepiece1991 to u/onepiece1991 [link] [comments]

Over 200 tips for new players

26.06 UPDATE

Almost 100 new tips on top of dozens of smaller and bigger fixes. Includes current version of 1.1.0 beta patch. New and significantly altered tips are indicated by a “(+)” symbol in front of them. Ctrl-F and search for “(+)“ to cycle through them..

Streamer Multiplayer Event Announcement

Everyone's favorite bridger, youtube.com/c/Bridger the author of famous pre-release video guides is, along with to lesser extent myself, organizing a Multiplayer event for Streamers and Youtubers playing Hearts of Iron 4!
It is a very interesting 7 players, 3 faction format in which less experienced people will be paired with seasoned veterans. Fairly low intensity with 3 hours weekly (specifics tbd based on preferences of the players) should allow almost every streameyoutuber to participate.
Are you a StreameYoutuber? Check details here and sign-up here.
Are you a fan of a StreameYoutuber you want to see play with us? Go ahead and forward this post or BRIDGER'S VIDEO to them and perter them about it!
EDIT2: Guide now also available on Steam: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=700983094
And we are over 300 tips as well!
TL;DR, wonna watch to learn.
My Youtube HoI4 playthroughs:
Hearts of Iron 4 - Italy (Italian Introduction) - Basically an expanded tutorial. I won't be a full series, but I'll revisit Italy on Veteran Difficulty withing several weeks. Remade with better audio!
8 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Germany - True Blitzkrieg (Veteran difficulty) - Historical playthrough as Germany. "True Blitzkrieg" achievement, among others.
7 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Japan (Veteran Difficulty) - World Conquest as Japan - own faction, wars against Allies, Comintern and the Axis.
51 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - France - Big Entente (Veteran difficulty) - Creating the Little Entente faction and going to war with Hitler over Czechoslovakia in 1938 without UK to back us. "Big Entente" achievement.
3 episodes out on 28th and then 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Germany Twitch Stream - A per-release Twitch stream recording. Normal difficulty. Poor audio and overall bad quality.
30 hours worth of gameplay. Finished series.
Focus tree:
  • Almost all focus unlocks take 70 days. Use that to plan a "build" for a few years forward.
  • At the beginning try to get ones that give you extra research slots as well as free civilian and military factories.
  • Civilian factories are more important early on, unless you plan on going to war very early (like Japan).
  • Civilian and Military Factory focuses are extremely important for minor nations. Can't stress it enough.
  • Unlocks that allow you to peacefully annex a country are even better - usually provide much more factories of both types.
  • Democracies such as UK or USA have some focuses gated behind the World Tension requirements.
  • Fascist focus for nations using generic focus tree grants up to 7% of recruitable population. That's huge.
  • One-time research bonuses from focus tree won't be consumed by already active research.
  • Dotted line means that you need either of the prerequisite unlocks.
  • Green arrows with a red exclamation mark between them mean that those unlocks are mutually exclusive.
  • If in doubt read the damn tool-tips. They are actually quite good.
  • You can click on a focus to find more information along with some flavor text.
  • (+) Focus costs you 1 Political Power per day.
  • (+) Up to 10 political power will be applied to a new focus unlock equal to the number of days you had no focus active. If you had no active focus for more than 10 days, that number will be 10. You need to have that amount of PP to spare.
  • (+) You can’t switch or turn off the focus once it’s chosen.
  • (+) If your decryption is high enough you can see the focuses other nations are working on.
  • (+) If it is significantly higher than their encryption you can see their full focus trees with all unlocks.
  • (+) You can always see what mutually exclusive choice they made.
Research:
  • Different nations start with different techs unlocked.
  • Try to not research things ahead of time.
  • Especially more than 6 months ahead of time.
  • Some focuses will remove the ahead of time penalty for certain research.
  • 50% research bonus may make ahead of time research worth it, especially for important equipment models such as planes, ships or tanks.
  • (+) You switch the research before it’s finished. You progress will be preserved.
  • You can stock up on up to 30 days of research before it goes to waste.
  • (+) If you switch the research those up to 30 banked days will “move” to a new research.
  • (+) Research bonus will be used if you are restarting previously paused research.
  • (+) Research bonus once used will still affect paused research. 2nd research bonus won’t be applied if that research is resumed.
  • Always try to keep your electronic and industrial bonuses up to date.
  • Concentrated Industry is almost always better.
  • Don't ignore Encryption and Decryption. Side with decryption advantage gains combat bonus in all land battles.
  • Doctrines, especially land ones, grant very powerful bonuses and aren't limited by years. It's good to keep researching them whenever we can.
  • Mobile Warfare doctrine is best suited for fairly open terrain and countries with powerful industrial base since it focuses on both motorized infantry and tanks.
  • Superior Firepower is best suited for more difficult terrain, countries will not-limitless manpower pool and not too powerful industry. It focuses on infantry warfare with heavy artillery support.
  • Grand Battleplan doctrine is most general one with bonuses useful for all types of forces as well as powerful increase in planning bonuses. Safe, but not very focused choice for most nations. Additional points if you want to utilize AI control of your armies a lot.
  • Mass Assault land doctrine can provide massive manpower bonuses on top of great for the wide range of units, but mostly infantry. It is a good choice both for nations who have deep manpower pool but weak industry, but also for minor nations who would otherwise struggle with low manpower.
  • You can only follow one of the doctrines. Attempting to research a different one will remove all the progress from the one you followed before.
  • All of the Land Doctrine side paths are mutually exclusive. You can change them later but will lose all the techs from other branch.
  • Not all paths in Naval and Air doctrines are mutually exclusive. Look for dark grey squares with arrows.
  • For Air and Naval doctrines see their respective sections.
  • Naval Invasion technologies can be found on the very bottom of the Naval tree, below battleships, carriers and submarines.
  • That small icon in the top right corner of an aircraft research allows you to research a carrier version of it.
  • Carrier versions of the planes are more expensive to build and are weaker.
  • Similar icon with the red rocket on the Motorized unlock in the Infantry tab allows you to research Motorized Rocket Artillery.
  • You don't need to have standard Rocket Artillery unlocked to research and use a motorized version.
  • Each unlocked tack chassis allows you to research a Self-propelled (SP) anti-tank, artillery or anti-air vehicle based on that chassis.
  • They are usually more expensive to build, but more powerful that the towed versions.
  • Production cost is, on top of required resources, a good indicator how expensive certain equipment is.
  • Researching a new type of basic land unit (tanks, motorized infantry, marines, paratroopers, mountaineers) will give you a division template utilizing that unit.
  • If you research tanks before mechanized infantry your tank division template will have standard leg infantry.
  • When choosing what and when to research keep in mind that it takes months before new equipment or kind of unit reaches front lines in amounts that can make a difference, while passive bonuses are applied instantly.
  • (+) Synthetic Oil research simply limits the amount of Refineries per state.
Laws and government:
  • On normal difficulty you will gather 1 political power per day (2, but 1 is always paid for your focus).
  • Most of the changes to your laws and government cost 150 PP.
  • Communists and Fascists can switch to War Economy at any time. You should do that using your 1st 150 Political Power.
  • (+) Democracies and Non-Alligned nations need to be at war with enemy of fairly equal power first.
  • (+) Democracies and unaligned can only change Economy law to Early mobilization if World Tension is above 5%. Usually it’s better to wait for Partial Mobilization.
  • (+) Democracies and unaligned can only change Economy law to Partial Mobilization if World Tension is above 15%. Change is asap, unless you know you’ll be at war within few months.
  • (+) Total Mobilization cuts you recruitable population by 3%. If your Conscription Laws and/or other factors provide less than 3% or you are already using the difference you will end up with no manpower. Be careful.
  • Increasing conscription laws will add people to your manpower in an instant. No need to increase those laws before it's absolutely necessary.
  • Trade laws allow you to sacrifice % of your resources for industrial and research bonuses.
  • You will NOT have access to those resources even if no one will buy them.
  • Theorists allow you to research doctrines faster and provide minor experience income. Some of them may be quite expensive.
  • IF you have access to advisors that increase the speed of your civilian and military factory production they are a very good early choices.
  • So is advisor that increases your Political Power gain by 15%, but keep in mind that he needs 500 days to even pay for himself.
  • Design company bonus is applied then research FINISHES. It isn't important if you had a designed factory chosen when research started.
  • If you have enough PP it may be a good idea to keep switching them around for major researches.
  • (+) Atm (including version 1.1.0) Military Staff hires that increase planes’ Attack, Defence and Agility either have no ingame effect or it isn’t shown in tooltips. It’s impossible to tell. Avoid.
Diplomacy:
  • (+) You can open diplomacy screen by r-clicking on a selected nation’s territory with in basic map mode (F1) with no units selected or by picking it from diplomacy screen (E).
  • (+) Once there you can switch the tab from “Diplomacy” to “Details” to see more information about the selected nation.
  • (+) If there are two numbers present they are the borders of the estimation based on your encryption level.
  • (+) World Tension is a mechanic that almost exclusively helps Democracies and Non-Aligned.
  • (+) Wargoal justification time is lowered by World Tension by 1% per every 2% of WT.
  • (+) Democracies can’t justify a wargoal against country that has not increased world tension.
  • (+) Democracies need 100% World Tension to be able to justify a wargoal. (50% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Claims only make justification slightly faster.
  • (+) Justifying for a single state is preferable.
  • (+) Democracies need 80% World Tension to create, join a faction or invite to one. (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Democracies need 70% World Tension to be able to send volunteers (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) The amount of volunteers you can send depends on the number of divisions you control.
  • (+) Volunteers can’t be manually recalled. They will, however, return within 2 weeks if the war ends or you end up in a war.
  • (+) Democracies need 50% World Tension to be able to send Land Lease (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Democracies need 25% World Tension to be able to Guarantee Independence. (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • vGuaranteeing independence costs political power (more for every active guarantee) and lowers World Tension by 1,7% when used.
  • (+) If guaranteed nation is attacked and they both end up in the same war guaranteed nation can join the defender’s faction regardless of WT.
  • (+) AI will always do that.
  • (+) You can spend political power to boost your party (political option) popularity in the country.
  • (+) When it is high enough you can wait for a government change (can be peaceful or bloody) or stage a coup by spending 200 political power over 400 days and sending weapons.
  • (+) The power of the coup is determined by the party support when you start staging it. For whatever reason.
  • (+) You can send Expeditionary Forces to your allies in the war. It simply transfers control of certain units.
  • (+) Expeditionary Forces can be returned or recalled at moment’s notice.
  • (+) To learn about non-aggression pacts hover over the option and wait for a tooltip to appear.
  • (+) All of the WT requirements can be circumvented by focus tree unlocks. Specifics differ from nation to nation.
  • (+) Nation will surrender if it controls less % of its Victory Points (from core provinces) than its National Integrity. Hover over the surrender bar in the war manu to see more.
  • (+) On top of all the Victory Points assigned to specific provinces all the standard provinces are worth a fraction of a VP.
  • (+) If a nation is a part of a faction it will surrender only its core provinces. It will keep the colonies and there will be resistance on its lands.
  • (+) Nation that surrenders without being in a faction doesn’t produce resistance on its lands and all of its territory is annexed by a victor.
  • (+) Faction surrenders when all its Major Members surrender. Hover over surrender bar in the war screen for details.
  • (+) Faction members that have not been invaded cannot be annexed or otherwise affected by the peace deal. They will end up out of faction, at peace and with a peace treaty with the victor.
Trade:
  • You have no control over the amount of your resources set aside by your trade laws. You won't have access to them no matter if anyone actually buys them.
  • You can buy 8 units of any resource per civilian factory used for trade.
  • Trade can be cancelled instantly. You factories will be back constructing your buildings.
  • Countries you are at war with won't trade with you.
  • Some countries can embargo you via their focus tree.
  • Countries will sell their resources to those who have highest trade influence over them.
  • (+) Hover over Export number to see who is buying from that nation and what is their trade influence.
  • (+) Hover over Influence number to see what makes up your trade influence with the nation.
  • Try not to buy less than 8 resources/factory. Especially early on.
  • If other countries actually buy resources that you export you will "get" the civilian factories they spend. Hover over "Exported: x" sections in the top part of that screen to see if anyone is buying.
  • You only get the civilian factory output if a nation actually buys anything from you. Rest of the "exported" goods are being wasted.
  • (+) You need enough convoys to be able to carry the resources home.
  • (+) Those convoys can be attacked. Green lines indicate the routes of your import convoys.
  • (+) Oddly enough supply convoys use the same colour. Hover over them for details.
  • (+) You need 1 point of suppression for every victory point in the state. (before occupation law modifiers).
  • (+) You can change occupation laws after clicking a button on the bottom of your country screen (shortcut: Q).
  • (+) To control the state you need to control the provinces with most of the VPs.
  • (+) You won’t get resources from the state that isn’t under your control.
Construction:
  • Your civilian factories are used to construct all the buildings. That includes your military and civilian factories.
  • Up to 15 civilian factories can be used to produce one building.
  • They are assigned automatically from the top to the bottom of your list.
  • Hover over the progress bar to see details.
  • % of your civilian factories will be used to produce consumer goods. Those are basically lost to you.
  • That number is a % of all your factories (civilian + military ones) based on your economy law rounded up. For example if you have 50 civilian and 52 military factories and your economy law is War Economy 16 of your civilian factories will be used to produce civilian goods (15% out of 102 rounded up). With 50 civilian ones and 52 military ones you're left with 34 civilian factories to do your construction. Now let's assume that you have 20 civilian factories and 82 military ones instead. You still need to use 15% of all those factories for civilian production, so 16 factories, but since you only have 20 that leaves you with just 4 factories to do all of your constructions.
  • Military factories are two times cheaper than civilian ones and they get additional construction time bonuses from economy laws.
  • (+) Dockyard construction speed isn’t affected by worse economy laws the same way military and civilian factories are.
  • Synthetic Factories aren't worth building as long as you can buy oil and rubber since they are more expensive than civilian factories that can be used to buy more of those resources.
  • Resources produced by Synthetic Factories are affected by both your trade laws and being in occupied provinces. For example if you have a Free Trade policy your Synthetic Factory will only give you 1 Oil and 0 Rubber.
  • Airbases are really quick to build. Infrastructure and ports, not so much.
  • Amount of radar and synthetic factories you can build per state is limited by your radar and synthetic industry research. Radar is worth researching if you need it. Synthetics almost never are.
  • Converting factories to the other type is almost never worth it.
Production:
  • Military factories use Production Efficiency system.
  • Naval Dockyards don't.
  • When you switch the production to a different commodity (light tanks to medium tanks, infantry equipment to motorized etc.) your efficiency on that line is reset to 10%.
  • When you switch to a different level of the same equipment (Infantry Weapons I to Infantry Weapons II, Light tank model 1934 to Light tank model 1936 etc.) you efficiency is cut in half.
  • You can use experience to create new variants of armoured, airborne or naval equipment.
  • When you switch to a different exp. variant of the same equipment you only lose 10% of the efficiency.
  • Production Efficiency increases over time.
  • If you are missing some of the resources needed for production the equipment will still be produced, but slower. Hover over the yellow progress bar to see details.
  • Production Efficiency increase is also slower.
  • Support Equipment, Motorized and Convoys never get old. If in doubt produce some of those.
  • it may not be a bad idea to start producing an older model of an important new equipment that you are researching to get a some headstart on Prod. Eff.
  • You can't use exp to modify equipment from Infantry&Artillery tab.
  • You can still modify Self-Propelled artillery, anti-air and anti-tank pieces.
Division design:
  • Division is made of regiments (columns) that are made of battalions.
  • You can rename, duplicate and change equipment options of a division for free.
  • You can also mark those divisions Reserve, Regular or Elite - it affects the order they get their equipment. You can change it at any time for free as well.
  • There is no way of creating a "blank" division template. All new templates must be created by first duplicating and then changing. Give it a few tries to find a cheapest option for your liking.
  • (+) You can, however, recreate basic division of your nation for free by clicking the “Division designer” button up top.
  • Anschluss of Austria gives you their division designs.
  • Adding or removing a battalion costs 5 army exp.
  • Adding a first new type of unit to a division (mobile or tank battalion to an infantry division or an infantry battalion to a tank division) costs 25 army exp. Next ones will cost 5 exp.
  • Adding or removing a support brigade costs 10 army exp.
  • Division has a combat width that is a sum of combat widths of all its lane battalions. All anti air and towed anti tank have width of 1, all artillery have width of 3, rest has a width of 2.
  • Division speed is a speed of the slowest battalion.
  • Support battalions have no width or speed. That makes support artillery a very good addition to your fast divisions.
  • Rocket artillery is a bit more offensively oriented than a standard one but their specific performance will depend on your techs.
  • Anti-air doesn't seem to be worth it at all.
  • Organization of the division is an average of the organization of all its parts.
  • Artillery, tanks and support battalions have very low organization making use of enough infantry battalions necessary.
  • 9999/10000 of the battles are lost because one side ran out of organization.
  • Higher the hardness the better (unless enemy is actively spamming anti-tank guns or something).
  • If armor of a division is higher than piercing of the division it is fighting it will not only receive 50% less damage but it will also deal 50% more.
  • Recon and Engineer supports are worth it for almost every combat division.
  • Logistic company is also great, especially if you are fighting in a difficult, infrastructure-less terrain.
  • Field Hospitals are excellent choice if you are afraid of running out of manpower.
  • (+) Combat Width in every province is equal to 80 + 40 per every additional angle of attack.
  • For that reason you should aim for divisions of with combat width of 20, or even 10.
  • I find divisions with strength around 10 a step too far. The organization hit from support battalions and an equipment cost of them is too high, unless you counteract it with very specific doctrines.
  • There are very few advantages to having really big combat divisions.
  • If they are to be used in Army Group under command of Field Marshal with "Offensive Doctrine" ability (-10% combat width) then you can go for 22 and 11.
  • Optimal division designs depend on your chosen doctrines, enemies you're facing and the terrain you're fighting in.
  • You won't need anti-tank fighting China in 1937, but should probably get some against Germany in 1940.
  • Tanks won't achieve much in Iran or western China, but will shine in European Soviet union. Against comparable enemy that is.
  • Good basic infantry division is made of 7 infantry battalions and 2 artillery battalions. (or 8 infantry if going for 22).
  • Good enough Marine/Mountaineer divisions are the same as Infantry ones, but with those types of infantry instead.
  • (+) Very light infantry divisions (5/6 battalions with support artillery, recon and engineers) have their uses too, especially in difficult terrain and against a less powerful opponent.
  • (+) It may be a good idea to build some cheaper infantry divisions to have them hold easier parts of the frontline.
  • Tanks need infantry in their divisions to counteract their very low organization.
  • Decent early game tank division consists of 4 tank battalions and 2 motorized infantry.
  • Later on you can add another mot. infantry battalion and 2 self-propelled or motorized artillery units to get to the width of 20.
  • Once you unlock mechanized infantry you can replace your motorized units with it where they won't negatively affect the division's speed.
  • Motorized infantry division is a good, cheaper fast alternative to panzer divisions with less severe terrain penalties.
  • Later you can try replacing some of your regular infantry with mechanized units.
  • The more production-intensive, technologically advanced and equipped your army is the lower will be your losses. Mechanized divisions with a lot of heavy artillery or heavy panzer divisions will take a fraction of casualties standard infantry division would take on the offensive.
  • Try to adjust your strategy to the capabilities of both your industry and manpower pool.
  • Early on it should simply consist of desired amount of Mot. Infantry battalions, but later you may want to add a few self-propelled or motorized artillery battalions to mirror Infantry Division setups.
  • Speed is often a better firepower than firepower itself.
  • Cavalry has twice the suppression of infantry. It is the best kind of unit for your policing needs.
  • (+) Most cost effective military police unit is one consisting of a dingle cavalry battalion. Use them to garrison your conquered territory that still generates resistance.
  • (+) Few bigger (4cav to 6cav) units to manually put into more difficult states are also a good idea.
  • Do not ignore the resistance, it will wreck your infrastructure and factories, disrupt your supply flow and so on.
  • Police divisions aren't supposed to fight. Don't wait for them to be fully trained, just deploy them as soon as they are 20% done.
  • Freshly recruited divisions will have an experienced level of "Trained", unless it was deployed earlier.
  • Divisions that don't have enough experience to reach "trained" are considered "Green" and suffer -25% penalty in combat.
  • You can exercise your divisions further till they reach next experience level of "regular" granting them +25% combat bonus.
  • Performing exercise costs equipment (equal to 6% attrition) and lowers your organization to 15% of max value.
  • It also provides you army experience.
  • It is better to go to war with "trained" but equipped army than with "Regular" that is lacking supply. Do not exercise more than your military production allows.
  • Adding new units to the divisions (for example by adding new battalions to existing division designs) will lower the training level of your divisions.
  • It is better for your troops to have 1 less artillery battalion than to go to war as "Green".
  • You can duplicate your division designs to be able to produce slightly upgraded versions of ones you have without dipping those already in the field and fighting into "Green" territory. You upgrade those later.
  • If you have ports or coastlines that are prone to being naval invaded you may want to create dedicated garrison units.
  • Dedicated "garrison units" (not to confuse with garrisoning order) don't have to be limited to 20 width, since they are meant to fight alone. Stick some more infantry and artillery in them and an engineer support and you have a cheap, powerful unit. Unlike the police units you want them to be fully trained.
  • I prefer sticking such dedicated "garrison units" into ports by using s series of small “fallback lines". That makes sure that all of those places are well defended. AI would attempt to do that if you were to use a garrison order, but they sometimes fail. You would also need kore such divisions, since they also garrison major inland cities.
  • Breakthrough is a defense stat used when your divisions are attacking. Defense is a defensive stat used when they are defending.
  • Infantry tends to have much higher defense than breakthrough. Tanks have it the other way around.
Land combat:
  • Hover over combat stats of your and enemy's divisions. They will provide an amazing amount of useful information. Really. Keep doing that. Especially if you're losing.
  • Organization is binary. If you have some you fight at your max effectiveness. If you don't then you don't fight.
  • Divisions strength actually affects your combat stats - it is a representation of the % of available manpower and equipment.
  • Both defensive stats (Defense or Breakthrough, see above) only need to be equal to enemy attack stat after all modifiers are applied. All the enemy attacks in the battle up to the level of the defensive stat have 10% chance of inflicting damage. Once all of the defence is used up the rest of the attacks have 40% chance to harm.
  • For example if attacking infantry unit has 40 Breakthrough and the defenders have 60 soft attack then 10% of the 40 attack will do damage, but 20 that is left unchallenged will harm 40% of the time.
  • You units suffer attrition while moving, being out of supply or exercising. It is affected by terrain and weather condition.
  • Look out for mud. Mud is the most brutal of all terrain/weather modifiers. Do not attack into mud.
  • Russia has a lot of mud, especially in spring and autumn.
  • You can order your forces to assist in combat in a neighbouring province instead of attacking by Ctrl+r-clicking the battle indicator on the map. They won't advance into that province after the battle is won.
  • Make sure supplies are reaching your troops (press F4 to see the map). Lack of them will devastate your troops' performance.
  • (+) For supply to freely move from one supply area to another you need to control border provinces between those two regions.
  • (+) If your supplies are delivered by sea all of the ports in the supply area where they arrive are are counted towards throughput.
  • (+) Infrastructure level matters even in provinces made of a single island with a port.
  • (+) Game will chose the route for your supplies. You cannot manually adjust it.
  • (+) Atm supply-carrying convoys seem to be completely invulnerable and aren’t affected by any aerial or naval threats.
  • Units that are out of supplies for too long will start passively losing organization and will suffer from -33% combat penalty.
  • Encirclement penalty of -30% is brutal, especially coupled with supply issues.
  • Having Air Superiority in the Air region (F3) will decrease defences of enemy forces by up to 50% (!). It also lowers their movement speed by the same amount (!!!).
  • To achieve full Air Superiority you not only have to have more plains than the enemy, you also need to have enough planes in the region to cover it completely. Hover over that bar under the picture in Air Region screen (F3).
  • All the planes operation in the region count towards the air superiority.
  • Bombers providing air support not only deal damage to enemies in who are fighting battles, but also provide combat bonuses to our troops. They aren't however as big as Air Superiority ones.
  • Ships anchored in the adjacent sea zone will provide Naval Bombardment penalties of -25% to enemies in shore provinces.
  • Rivers are no joke. Attacking through a river into mountains or urban areas into entrenched enemy positions is one of the best way of disposing of excessive manpower.
  • Using division designer learn how your troops are doing in various terrain. For example you shouldn't attempt to perform naval invasions or attack into urban areas with tanks.
Battleplans:
  • To gain planning bonus your divisions need to stand still at the frontline, while being assigned to attack order.
  • Planning bonus will slowly fade away while you aren't doing so. Be it if you are fighting, advancing or even standing in the same spot after the plan was deleted.
  • If you want to fully manually control your troops you should simply delete all the frontlines when you are starting the offensive. Planning bonus won't simply disappear (see above).
  • You can assign manual orders to units under Ai control. They will override AI ones, but unit will go back doing its thing the second your que-ed up orders are finished. That may mean your panzer divisions 1 provinces deep into enemy territory strategically redeploying to the far end of their frontline 30 provinces away.
  • If you want to keep one of your armies focused at the certain part of the front for example while advancing you can keep shortening their frontline, while holding Alt.
  • If you will have a line of frontlines one ending where other starts they will stay clipped like that. It doesn't prevent lines from expanding due to newly acquired territory.
  • Ctrl+r-click on a frontline or an order selects all the units assigned to it.
  • Ctrl+clicking on a frontline or an order assigns all selected units to it.
  • Assigning a unit to an order automatically assigns it to the proper frontline as well. Not the other way around if you have more than one order attached to the frontline.
  • Division can only be assigned to a single ordefrontline.
  • Ctrl+H unassigns selected units from any orders/frontlines.
  • "S" is a shortcut for unselecting half of currently selected units. Useful along with those Crtl+key commands for assigning different amounts of divisions to various orders.
  • By pressing the right facing arrow button on top of your army icon you can activate all the orders for that army.
  • You can also Shift-click on that button and then on a specific order arrow on the map to activate only that order.
  • Red square button to the left simply stops all the orders in motion for that army. Tooltip is incorrect.
  • Red exclamation mark means that the unit is not assigned to any orders or frontlines.
  • Yellow exclamation mark means that the unit can't for some reason reach the position required of it by an order it is assigned to.
  • Units will often bug out and stay in ports with the yellow exclamation mark. You need to manually select them and r-click on a port you want them to move on their way to their objective. They'll figure it out from there.
  • You can move units overseas by either assigning them to an order there or by moving them to the port and then manually r-clicking the port you want them to sail to. See the bug described above.
  • Units assigned to an order overseas will go to the nearest port and sail to the port that is nearest their desired position. They will not take the length of sea travel into account. For example Italian unit in Belgium ordered to move to Egypt with Gibraltar blocked will instead of going to the Marseille and catching a boat there embark in Belgium and sail all the way around Africa. Watch out for it.
  • Garrision order will do an ok-ish job of dealing with resistance, but won't help at all against enemy attack.
  • Use fallback line orders to establish defensive positions on your borders, shores etc.
  • You can use a fallback line behind your lines as a rally point for the troops that you're recruiting. Simply draw it and after clicking on that circle left from the location selection bar click on that fallback line. Your troops will go there after spawning. Useful if you are using AI to fight your battles since adding units straight to your fighting forces will confuse the battleplane AI and make your offensives stall.
  • Full shield indicator means maxed out entrenchment bonus.
  • Battleplan AI is, in general, way too conservative when on the offensive.
  • (+) In version 1.1.0 you can switch between Careful, Standard and Aggressive stances for your armies.
  • (+) As of today (26.06) in 1.1.0 divisions in armies with any active battleplans will never strategically redeploy on their own.
  • (+) They will only use standard movement.
  • (+) Units may decide to march to the opposite adge of a frontline – a feat that can take weeks in some cases.
  • (+) Once a unit starts such movement it will not change is or stop it till it arrives at its destination. No matter if it still makes any sense. It is less problematic if divisions are strategically redeploying since it doesn’t take weeks.
---OVER THE THREAD LIMIT - REST IN THE COMMENTS---
Airforce:
---LINK---
Navy:
---LINK---
Naval Invasions:
---LINK---
General tips:
  • (+) You can opt into a beta patch (1.1.0 atm) by r-clicking on Hearts of Iron 4 in your Steam library, going to Preferences -> Betas and then selecting a proper beta from the drop down menu.
  • Italy is the best nation to learn the game with in my opinion. If you are totally new to it simply play tutorial, or, if you feel so inclined, check out my instructional Italian playthrough or other Youtube videos of that kind.
submitted by Emnel to hoi4 [link] [comments]

Over 200 tips for new players

People really enjoyed those tips I've posted few days back (, ) to the point where I'm skill getting few dozen questions everyday. I haven't had time to respond to all of them and for tham I'm sorry, but tonight sat for a few hours and expanded upon that 1st post. I think I also included the answers to all the PMs I haven't had the time to respond to.
Not sure what mods think about it, but this gains traction can we possibly make this one a sticky for a time being? I'll keep just adding answers to the questions that pop up.
EDIT3: Guide now also available on Steam: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=700983094
And we are over 300 tips as well!
EDIT2: Update as of 16 hours after initial posting. I included answers to most of the asked questions, clarified some things and added few dozen new tips including more suggested division and fleets comps, summaries of all the doctrine trees and much more.
EDIT: Almost forgot...


If you are interested in some high level gameplay with in depth explanations go ahead and check out my YT channel. Atm I have a full game as Germany with US beaten by 1943, (it is a stream rip so quality is kinda meh and audio is poor for firsts 5 episodes) and ongoing Japanese playthrough on veteran difficulty (better production quality). More veteran difficulty campaigns coming soon.

Focus tree:
  • Almost all focus unlocks take 70 days. Use that to plan a "build" for a few years forward.
  • At the beginning try to get ones that give you extra research slots as well as free civilian and military factories.
  • Civilian factories are more important, unless you plan on going to war very early (like Japan).
  • Civilian and Military Factory focuses are extremely important for minor nations. Can't stress it enough.
  • Unlocks that allow you to peacefully annex a country are even better - usually provide more factories of both types.
  • Democracies such as UK or USA have some focuses gated behind the World Tension requirements.
  • Fascist focus for nations using generic focus tree grants up to 7% of recruitable population. That's huge.
  • One-time research bonuses from focus tree won't be consumed by already active research.
  • Dotted line means that you need either of the prerequisite unlocks.
  • Green arrows with a red exclamation mark between them mean that those unlocks are mutually exclusive.
  • If in doubt read the damn tool-tips. They are actually quite good.
  • You can click on a focus to find more information along with some flavor text.
Research:
  • Different nations start with different techs unlocked.
  • Try to not research things ahead of time.
  • Especially more than 6 months ahead of time.
  • Some focuses will remove the ahead of time penalty.
  • 50% research bonus may make ahead of time research worth it, especially for important equipment models such as planes, ships or tanks.
  • You can stock up on up to 30 days of research before it goes to waste.
  • Always try to keep your electronic and industrial bonuses up to date.
  • Concentrated Industry is almost always better.
  • Don't ignore Encryption and Decryption. Side with decryption advantage gains combat bonus in all land battles.
  • Doctrines, especially land ones, grant very powerful bonuses and aren't limited by years. It's good to keep researching them whenever we can.
  • Mobile Warfare doctrine is best suited for farly open terrain and countries with powerful industrial base since it focuses on both motorized infantry and tanks.
  • Superior Firepower is best suited for more difficult terrain, countries will not-limitless manpower pool and not too powerful industry. It focuses on infantry warfare with heavy artillery support.
  • Grand Battleplan doctrine is most general one with bonuses useful for all types of forces as well as powerful increase in planning bonuses. Safe, but not very focused choice for most nations. Additional points if you want to utilized AI control of your armies a lot.
  • Mass Assault land doctrine can provide massive manpower bonuses on top of great for the wide range of units, but mostly infantry. It is a good choice both for nations who have deep manpower pool but weak industry, but also for minor nations who would otherwise struggle with low manpower.
  • You can only follow one of the doctrines. Attempting to research a different one will remove all the progress from the one you followed before.
  • All of the Land Doctrine side paths are mutually exclusive. You can change them later but will lose all the techs from other branch.
  • Not all paths in Naval and Air doctrines are mutually exclusive. Look for dark gray squares with arrows.
  • For Air and Naval doctrines see their respective sections.
  • Naval Invasion technologies can be found on the very bottom of the Naval tree, below battleships, carriers and submarines.
  • That small icon in the top right corner of an aircraft research allows you to research a carrier version of it.
  • Carrier versions of the planes are more expensive to build and are weaker.
  • Similar icon with the red rocket on the Motorized unlock in the Infantry tab allows you to research Motorized Rocket Artillery.
  • You don't need to have standard Rocket Artillery unlocked to research and use a motorized version.
  • Each unlocked tack chassis allows you to research a Self-propelled (SP) anti tank, artillery or anti-air vehicle based on that chassis.
  • They are usually more expensive to build, but more powerful that the towed versions.
  • Production cost is, on top of required resources, a good indicator how expensive certain equipment is.
  • Researching a new type of basic land unit (tanks, motorized infantry, marines, paratroopers, mountaineers) will give you a division template utilizing that unit.
  • If you research tanks before mechanized infantry your tank division template will have standard leg infantry.
  • When choosing what and when to research keep in mind that it takes months before new equipment or kind of unit reaches front lines in amounts that can make a difference, while passive bonuses are applied instantly.
Laws and government:
  • On normal difficulty you will gather 1 political power per day (2, but 1 is always paid for your focus).
  • Most of the changes to your laws and government cost 150 PP.
  • Communists and Fascists can switch to War Economy at any time. You should do that using your 1st 150 Political Power.
  • Most of the other nations can switch to Partial Mobilization as soon as world tension reaches 15%. It is also a very good idea to do it asap.
  • Total Mobilization cuts you recruitable population by 3%. That's a lot. Be careful.
  • Increasing conscription laws will add people to your manpower in an instant. No need to increase those laws before it's absolutely necessary.
  • Trade laws allow you to sacrifice % of your resources for industrial an research bonuses.
  • You will NOT have access to those resources even if no one will buy them.
  • Theorists allow you to research doctrines faster and provide minor experience income. Some of them may be quite expensive.
  • IF you have access to advisors that increase the speed of your civilian and military factory production they are a very good early choices.
  • So is advisor that increases your Political Power gain by 15%, but keep in mind that he needs 500 days to even pay for himself.
  • Design company bonus is applied then research FINISHES. It isn't important if you had a designed factory chosen when research started.
  • If you have enough PP it may be a good idea to keep switching them around for major researches.
Diplomacy:
  • Coming SoonTM.
Trade:
  • You have no control over the amount of your resources set aside by your trade laws. You won't have access to them no matter if anyone actually buys them.
  • You can buy 8 units of any resource per civilian factory used for trade.
  • Trade can be canceled instantly. You factories will be back constructing your buildings.
  • Countries you are at war with won't trade with you.
  • Countries will sell their resources to those who have highest trade influence over them.
  • Try not to buy less than 8 resources/factory. Especially early on.
  • If other countries actually buy resources that you export you will "get" the civilian factories they spend. Hover over "Exported: x"sections to see if anyone is buying.
  • You only get the civilian factory output if a nation actually buys anything from you. Rest of the "exported" goods are being wasted.
Construction:
  • Your civilian factories are used to construct all the buildings. That includes your military and civilian factories.
  • Up to 15 civilian factories can be used to produce one building.
  • They are assigned automatically from the top to the bottom of your list.
  • Hover over the progress bar to see details.
  • % of your civilian factories will be used to produce consumer goods. Those are basically lost to you.
  • That number is a % of all your factories (civilian + military ones) based on your economy law rounded up. For example if you have 50 civilian and 52 military factories and your economy law is War Economy then 16 of your civilian factories will be used to produce civilian goods (15% out of 102 rounded up). With 50 civilian ones and 52 military ones you're left with 34 civilian factories to do your construction. Now let's assume that you have 20 civilian factories and 82 military ones instead. You still need to use 15% of all those factories for civilian production, so 16 factories, but since you only have 20 that leaves you with just 4 factories to do do all of your constructions.
  • Military factories are two times cheaper than civilian ones and they get additional bonuses from economy laws.
  • Synthetic Factories aren't worth building as long as you can buy oil and rubber since they are more expensive than civilian factories that can be used to buy more of those resources.
  • Resources produced by Synthetic Factories are affected by both your trade laws and being in occupied provinces. For example if you have a Free Trade policy your Synthetic Factory will only give you 1 Oil and 0 Rubber.
  • Airbases are really quick to build. Infrastructure and ports, not so much.
  • Amount of radar and synthetic factories you can build per state is limited by your radar and synthetic industry research. Radar is worth researching if you need it. Synthetics almost never are.
  • Converting factories to the other type is almost never worth it.
Production:
  • Military factories use Production Efficiency system.
  • Naval Dockyards don't.
  • When you switch the production to a different commodity (light tanks to medium tanks, infantry equipment to motorized etc.) your efficiency on that line is reset to 10%.
  • When you switch to a different level of the same equipment (Infantry Weapons I to Infantry Weapons II, Light tank model 1934 to Light tank model 1936 etc.) you efficiency is cut in half.
  • You can use experience to create new variants of armored, airborne or naval equipment.
  • When you switch to a different exp. variant of the same equipment you only lose 10% of the efficiency.
  • Production Efficiency increases over time.
  • If you are missing some of the resources needed for production the equipment will still be produced, but slower. Hover over the yellow progress bar to see details.
  • Production Efficiency increase is also slower.
  • Support Equipment, Motorized and Convoys never get old. If in doubt produce some of those.
  • it may not be a bad idea to start producing an older model of an important new equipment that you ar researching to get a some headstart on Prod. Eff.
  • You can't use exp to modify equipment from Infantry&Artillery tab.
  • You can still modify Self-Propelled artillery, anti-air and anti-tank pieces.
Division design:
  • Division is made of regiments (columns) that are made of battalions.
  • You can rename, duplicate and change equipment options of a division for free.
  • You can also mark those divisions Reserve, Regular or Elite - it affects the order they get their equipment. You can change it at any time for free as well.
  • There is no way of creating a "blank" division template. All new templates must be created by first duplicating and then changing. Give it a few tries to find a cheapest option for your liking.
  • Anschluss of Austria gives you their division designs.
  • Adding or removing a battalion costs 5 army exp.
  • Adding a first new type of unit to a division (mobile or tank battalion to an infantry division or an infantry battalion to a tank division) costs 25 army exp. Next ones will cost 5 exp.
  • Adding or removing a support brigade costs 10 army exp.
  • Division has a combat width that is a sum of combat widths of all its lane battalions. All anti air and towed anti tank have width of 1, all artillery have width of 3, rest has a width of 2.
  • Division speed is a speed of the slowest battalion.
  • Support battalions have no width or speed. That makes support artillery a very good addition to your fast divisions.
  • Rocket artillery is a bit more offensively oriented than a standard one but their specific performance will depend on your techs.
  • Anti-air doesn't seem to be worth it at all.
  • Organization of the division is an average of the organization of all its parts.
  • Artillery, tanks and support battalions have very low organization making use of enough infantry battalions necessary.
  • 9999/10000 of the battles are lost because one side ran out of organization.
  • Higher the hardness the better (unless enemy is actively spamming anti-tank guns or something).
  • If armor of a division is higher than piercing of the division it is fighting it will not only receive 50% less damage but it will also deal 50% more.
  • Recon and Engineer supports are worth it for almost every combat division.
  • Logistic company is also great, especially if you are fighting in a difficult, infrastructure-less terrain.
  • Field Hospitals are excellent choice if you are afraid of running out of manpower.
  • Combat Width in every province is equal to 80 + 20 per number of angles of attack if there is more than 1.
  • For that reason you should aim for divisions of with combat width of 20, or even 10.
  • I find divisions with strength around 10 a step too far. The organization hit from and a cost of support battalions is too high, unless you counteract it with very specific doctrines.
  • There are very few advantages to having really big divisions.
  • If they are to be used in Army Group under command od Field Marshal with "Offensive Doctrine" ability (-10% combat width) then you can go for 22 and 11.
  • Optimal division designs depend on your chosen doctrines,c enemies you're facing and the terrain you're fighting in.
  • You won't need anti-tank fighting China in 1937, but should probably get some against Germany in 1940.
  • Tanks won't achieve much in Iran or western China, but will shine in European Soviet union. Against comparable enemy that is.
  • Good basic infantry division is made of 7 infantry battalions and 2 artillery battalions. (or 8 infantry if going for 22).
  • Good enough Marine/Mountaineer divisions are the same as Infantry ones, but with those types of infantry instead.
  • Very light infantry divisions (5/6 battalions with support artiller, recon and engineers) have their uses too, especially in difficult terrain.
  • Tanks need infantry in their divisions to counteract their very low organization.
  • Decent early game tank division consists of 4 tank battalions and 2 motorized infantry.
  • Later on you can add another mot. infantry battalion and 2 self-propelled or motorized artillery units to get to the width of 20.
  • Once you unlock mechanized infantry you can replace your motorized units with it where they won't negatively affect the division's speed.
  • Motorized infantry division is a good, cheaper fast alternative to panzer divisions with less severe terrain penalties.
  • Later you can try replacing some of your regular infantry with mechanized units.
  • The more production-intensive, technologically advanced and equiped your army is the lower will be your losses. Mechanized divisions with a lot of heavy aritllery or heavy panzer divisions will take a fraction of casulties standard infantry division would take on the offensive.
  • Try to adjust your strategy to the capabilities of both your industry and manpower pool.
  • Early on it should simply consist of desired amount of Mot. Infantry battalions, but later you may want to add a few self-propelled or motorized artillery battalions to mirror Infantry Division setups.
  • Speed is often a better firepower than firepower itself.
  • Cavalry has twice the suppression of infantry. It is the best kind of unit for your policing needs.
  • Good military police divisions should consist of 6 cavalry battalions. Later add a Military Police support battalion, but don't sweat it. Unless you have half of Europe under occupation basic cav will do just fine.
  • Do not ignore the resistance, it will wreck your infrastructure and factories, disrupt your supply flow and so on.
  • Police divisions aren't supposed to fight. Don't wait for them to be fully trained, just deploy them as soon as they are 20% done.
  • Freshly recruited divisions will have an experienced level of "Trained", unless it was deployed earlier.
  • Divisions that don't have enough experience to reach "trained" are considered "Green" and suffer -25% penalty in combat.
  • You can exercise your divisions further till they reach next experience level of "regular" granting them +25% combat bonus.
  • Performing exercise costs equipment (equal to 6% attrition) and lowers your organization to 15% of max value.
  • It also provides you army experience.
  • It is better to go to war with "trained" but equipped army than with "Regular" that is lacking supply. Do not exercise more than your military production allows.
  • Adding new units to the divisions (for example by adding new battalions to existing division designs) will lower the training level of your divisions.
  • It is better for your troops to have 1 less artillery battalion than to go to war as "Green".
  • You can duplicate your division designs to be able to produce slightly upgraded versions of ones you have without dipping those already in the filed and fighting into "Green" territory. You upgrade those later.
  • If you have ports or coastlines that are prone to being naval invaded you may want to create dedicated garrison units.
  • Dedicated "garrison units" (not to confuse with garrisoning order) don't have to be limited to 20 width, since they are meant to fight alone. Stick some more infantry and artillery in them and an engineer support and you have a cheap, powerful unit. Unlike the police units you want them to be fully trained.
  • I prefer sticking such dedicated "garrison units" into ports by using s series of mall fallback lines". That makes sure that all of those places are well defended. AI would attempt to do that if you were to use a garrison order, but they sometimes fail. You would also need kore such divisions, since they also garrison major inland cities.
  • Breakthrough is a defense stat used when your divisions are attacking. Defense is a defensive stat used when they are defending.
  • Infantry tends to have much higher defense than breakthrough. Tanks have it the other way around.
Land combat:
  • Hover over combat stats of your and enemy's divisions. They will provide an amazing amount of useful information. Really. Keep doing that. Especially if you're losing.
  • Organization is binary. If you have some you fight at your max effectiveness. If you don't then you don't fight.
  • Divisions strength actually affects your combat stats - it is a representation of the % of available manpower and equipment.
  • Both defensive stats (Defense or Breakthrough, see above) only need to be equal to enemy attack stat after all modifiers are applied. All the enemy attacks in the battle up to the level of the defensive stat have 10% chance of inflicting damage. Once all of the defense is used up the rest of the attacks have 40% chance to harm.
  • For example if attacking infantry unit unit has 40 Breakthrough and the defenders have 60 soft attack then 10% of the 40 attack will do damage, but 20 that is left unchallenged will harm 40% of the time.
  • You units suffer attrition while moving, being out of supply or exercising. It is affected by terrain and weather condition.
  • Look our for mud. Mud is the most brutal of all terrain/weather modifiers. Do not attack into mud.
  • Russia has a lot of mud, especially in spring and autumn.
  • You can order your forces to assist in combat in a neighboring province instead of attacking by Ctrl+r-clicking the battle indicator on the map. They won't advance into that province after the battle is won.
  • Make sure supplies are reaching your troops (press F4 to see the map). Lack of them will devastate your troops' performance.
  • Units that are out of supplies for too long will start passively losing organization and will suffer from -33% combat penalty.
  • Encirclement penalty of -30% is brutal, especially coupled with supply issues.
  • Having Air Superiority in the Air region (F3) will decrease defenses of enemy forces by up to 50% (!). It also lowers their movement speed by the same amount (!!!).
  • To achieve full Air Superiority you not only have to have more plains than the enemy, you also need to have enough planes in the region to cover it completely. Hover over that bar under the picture in Air Region screen (F3).
  • All the planes operation in the region count towards the air superiority.
  • Bombers providing air support not only deal damage to enemies in who are fighting battles, but also provide combat bonuses to our troops. They aren't however as big as Air Superiority ones.
  • Ships anchored in the adjacent sea zone will provide Naval Bombardment penalties of -25% to enemies in shore provinces.
  • Rivers are no joke. Attacking through a river into mountains or urban areas into entrenched enemy positions is one of the best way of disposing of excessive manpower.
  • Using division designer learn how your troops are doing in various terrain. For example you shouldn't attempt to perform naval invasions or attack into urban areas with tanks.
Battleplans:
  • To gain planning bonus your divisions need to stand still at the frontline, while being assigned to attack order.
  • Planning bonus will slowly fade away while you aren't doing so. Be it if you are fighting, advancing or even standing in the same spot after the plan was deleted.
  • If you want to fully manually control your troops you should simply delete all the frontlines when you are starting the offensive. Planning bonus won't simply disappear (see above).
  • You can assign manual orders to units under Ai control. They will override AI ones, but unit will go back doing its thing the second your que-ed up orders are finished. That may mean your panzer divisions 1 provinces deep into enemy territory strategically redeploying to the far end of their frontline 30 provinces away.
  • If you want to keep one of your armies focused at the certain part of the front for example while advancing you can keep shortening their frontline, while holding Alt.
  • If you will have a line of frontlines one ending where other starts they will stay clipped like that. It doesn't prevent lines from expanding due to newly acquired territory.
  • Ctrl+r-click on a frontline or an order selects all the units assigned to it.
  • Ctrl+clicking on a frontline or an order assigns all selected units to it.
  • Assigning a unit to an order automatically assigns it to the proper frontline as well. Not the other way around if you have more than one order attached to the frontline.
  • Division can only be assigned to a single ordefrontline.
  • Ctrl+H unassigns selected units from any orders/frontlines.
  • "S" is a shortcut for unselecting half of currently selected units. Useful along with those Crtl+key commands for assigning different amounts of divisions to various orders.
  • By pressing the right facing arrow button on top of your army icon you can activate all the orders for that army.
  • You can also Shift-click on that button and then on a specific order arrow on the map to activate only that order.
  • Red square button to the left simply stops all the orders in motion for that army. Tooltip is incorrect.
  • Red exclamation mark means that the unit is not assigned to any orders or frontlines.
  • Yellow exclamation mark means that the unit can't for some reason reach the position required of it by an order it is assigned to.
  • Units will often bug out and stay in ports with the yellow exclamation mark. You need to manually select them and r-click on a port you want them to move on their way to their objective. They'll figure it out from there.
  • You can move units overseas by either assigning them to an order there or by moving them to the port and then manually r-clicking the port you want them to sail to. See the bug described above.
  • Units assigned to an order overseas will go to the nearest port and sail to the port that is nearest their desired position. They will not take the length of sea travel into account. For example Italian unit in Belgium ordered to move to Egypt with Gibraltar blocked will instead of going to the Marseille and catching a boat there embark in Belgium and sail all the way around Africa. Watch out for it.
  • Garrision order will do an ok-ish job of dealing with resistance, but won't help at all against enemy attack.
  • Use fallback line orders to establish defensive positions on your borders, shores etc.
  • You can use a fallback line behind your lines as a rally point for the troops that you're recruiting. Simply draw it and after clicking on that circle left from the location selection bar click on that fallback line. Your troops will go there after spawning. Useful if you are using AI to fight your battles since adding units straight to your fighting forces will confuse the battleplane AI and make your offensives stall.
  • Full shield indicator means maxed out entrenchment bonus.
  • Battleplan AI is, in general, way too conservative when on the offensive.
Airforce:
  • Your bombers can actually defend themselves fairly well, but will operate very rarely and not achieve their actual objective without a fighter coverage.
  • Air superiority is crucial for both air and land combat.
  • Enemy bombers need to be detected before they can be intercepted. Detection is provided by radar and planes on air superiority missions.
  • Unless you really need to kill the members before enemy fighters for some reason you shouldn't really use "Intercept" order and just stick to air superiority on your fighters.
  • Static air defenses may destroy a few bombers but fighters can kill hundreds of them. If you are in a position to invest in those do it.
  • Airforces used in Europe in early stages of the war are in a ballpark of 2k fighters and 2-3k bombers for each of major participants.
  • Agility and Speed are two most important statistics of a fighter.
  • Only real selling point of Heavy Fighters and Tactical Bombers is their operational range. And even that is not true for all the models. Unless you need that you are better of with Fighters and CAS.
  • You could strategically bomb, but I'd limit it to such places as Malta or Corsica to get rid of airfields without having to invade.
  • I don't bother with strategic bombing in single player. Why bomb when you can conquer?
  • Strategic bombing, however, adds a lot of "war participation" so if you are a minor member of a faction you can try to boost your future gains that way.
  • Transport planes can't drop supply. Their only point is to drop paratroopers.
  • Air Superiority gives major penalties to the enemy, but CAS can inflict serious damage and is especially important in difficult battles where your land troops have trouble due to defensive terrain.
  • Both Radar and Air Superiority in a region provide Naval Intel.
  • Naval Strikes are borderline broken, especially since AI seems to almost never place any planes in fully sea Air Zones.
  • Port Strikes are very powerful too, if you can handle enemy fighters.
  • Ports are a part of land zones.
  • If you are unable to win air superiority over the region your ports are in (static AA won't cut it, don't even try. You need fighters.) and you can't face enemy navy in open seas (like, let's say Italy or germany early on) try to evacuate your ships to some distant provinces (be it yours of ally's) where enemy bombers can't reach them.
  • CAS are actually very effective against enemy ships.
  • In every Naval Battle non-carrier planes can attack only once upon entering combat. It doesn't matter if battle last an hour or a month. If enemy has only subs your planes won't do a thing.
  • Carrier planes can be rebased to land airfields if need be.
  • When starting a campaign you should disband all your airwings and create a new ones. Disbanded planes go back to your reserves.
  • It is best to keep planes in Airwings of 100. Ace bonuses are tailored for that size and it makes it easy to move them around.
  • As of today air statistics (Shortcut: L) and Air Doctrine research tab are still a total mess with conflicting tooltips and statistic names as well as contradictory descriptions and so on.
  • Strategic Destruction air doctrine is best suited for nations with powerful industrial base. It doesn't help you win air superiority but can provide very serious bonuses for already poweful Air Superiority effect. Or it can allow you to flatten enemy industry and infrastructure with a long range strategic bombardment, even without the fighter support.
  • Battlefield Support doctrine provides a bit more help for your fighters, but focuses on doing damage via combat bombing and Air Support bonuses for your troops. Perfect choice if you simply want to support your land advances and you have the industry to fight for air superiority with sheer numbers.
  • Operational Integrity is the most well rounded onewith little bit of everything and one that provides best bonuses for your fighters and does it quick-ish. It is by far the best choice for industrial underdogs who want to focus on trying keeping their skies free of enemy bombers and fighters alike.
Navy:
  • Oddly enough all the ships seem to have their place.
  • Escort/Screens: Destroyers (DD) and Light Cruisers (CL)
  • Capital ships: Heavy Cruisers (CA), Battlecruisers (BC), Battleships (BB) and Carriers (CV).
  • It is a good idea to have 3 screen ships for every capital ship in your battle fleet.
  • On top of regular battle fleets you should use submarine flottillas; patrol fleets with a3-3 CAs/BCs few CLs and a bunch od DDs, as well as anti-submarine forces made of just couple DDs.
  • Destroyers are the backbone of your fleet. They are cheap, best at dealing with the subs and if enemy fleet runs out of screens of their own they will simply sink their capital ships with torpedoes with minimal loses. Always keep a good screen force.
  • Light Cruisers are 3 times as expensive as destroyers, but provide better surface detection allowing you to find enemy navies/convoys faster, have more powerful torpedoes and guns while being almost as fast and slippery. Destroyers are more cost effective but you still want a few CL in your fleet.
  • Heavy Cruisers and Battlecruisers are fast enough to support your screens in early skirmishes against enemy screens preventing the situations when few dozen destroyers keep killing off your screens few at the time and then disengaging until they have such a screen advantage that they kill the rest and then all of your capitals in the last engagement. Battlecrusiers are significantly more expensive, but have much higher range. Having 2-3 battlecrusiers and a handful of Heavy Cruisers isn't a bad idea even if you re sleeping on Battleships and Carriers.
  • Battleships provide have the highest damage and HP in the fleet. They aren't fast enough to deal with enemy screen fleets but in actual fleet engagements will provide the highest dps of all the ships. They aren't nearly as affected by weather as carriers. Same goes for Superbattleships.
  • Carriers can't match the firepower of battleships if all-out naval battle, especially if affected by bad weather or, much worse, enemy brought few land-based airwings to the party, but have nice sustained damage that can chew through enemy ships if they battle isn't too decisive. They can also strike with their aircraft inland, but you've have to have at least a dozen of them to be able to even annoy any of major powers that will have thousands of fighters to fight you with. If forced into firing range of enemy anything they sink like steel planks they are.
  • Subs are great at raiding convoys (duh!) but can also tear a semi decent fleet apart if it has too few destroyers, or if they get a lucky engagement. In 9/10 engagements destroyers will murder a fleet of subs their size, but that 1/10 times things can go wrong, few DDs sink and subs get to massacre the rest of the fleet with impunity. They are also a major annoyance with when engaged by a bigger fleet will mostly just posture for a few hours and disengage.
  • If you want to kill of a sub fleet just send a comparable or a bit smaller fleet made of only destroyers. They will engage them and usually die.
  • Any fleet can operate in 3 regions.
  • To provide naval bombardment fleet must me anchored (stationary with no order in the zone adjacent to the province you want to support. You need ships with actual shore bombardment stats in it. A few will do.
  • Each naval doctrine has separate sub-branches providing bonuses for subs and screens respectively.
  • Fleet in Being doctrine is best suited for powerful traditional navies who want to get decisive battles early on. The escort and sub sub-branches are fairly underwheling tho. You can b-line to the last tech pretty fast and ignore the rest.
  • Trade Interdiction is one that has most potential. The sum of the buffs it grants make other 2 doctrines pale in comparison. It provides very significant bonuses for all types of ships and should be picked by nations who want to power their way into the naval game and challange established powers with superbuffed screens, carriers and subs, and are willing to pay with a lot of research for it. Or by those who just want to harass the more powerful enemies and do it well.
  • Base Strike doctrine focuses on carrier use. Its right sub-branch provides the very best bonuses for carriers and their aircraft hand down. Other two branches are nothing to write home about to put it mildly.
  • Sortie efficiency (carrier aircraft use in battle) is negatively affected if you operate their fleet in more than 1 region.
  • When building a carrier you can preselect her planes from the production menu by clicking on a blue plane icon on the carrier order card.
  • Deck size seems to be the way to go when modifying a carrier.
Naval Invasions:
  • Naval capacity is simply an amount of divisions you can use in naval invasions at the same time.
  • Weight of the divisions only affects how many convoys will be used to perform the invasions. That's it. You can invade with naval invasion capacity worth of weight 1 or weight 200 divisions, no problem.
  • Naval invasion order sometimes refuse to have your divisions assigned. Select the divisions and after manually selecting Divisions Assignment Mode from the bad click on the order's arrow to assign. Do it one division at the time if need be.
  • You can only perform 1 invasion at the time from each of your ports.
  • You can select one or more provinces you want you forces to land in. All have to be adjacent to the same naval province. Units will land randomly in those provinces.
  • You can click on a Naval Invasion order while holding Alt to modify it. Changing the landings does not affect the preparation time. Changing the starting port resets it to 0.
  • The bigger the invasion the longer it will take to prepare.
  • You can keep adding divisions to the invasion that is already preparing but it will increase the time needed.
  • When invading focus on capturing a port asap. Your troops will ran out of supply really fast and without a port those that already landed are doomed. Those that are repelled while performing an attack from the sea will be turned back to the port of origin.
  • If you established a beachhead you can keep adding divisions to that order (as long as less than your capacity are at sea) and they will instantly embark from the origin port and sail to reinforce said beachhead.
  • If you have a port, however, you can just transfer your troops there by normal means.
  • To execute the invasion order you need to have bot an intel or at least neutral naval supremacy in all the regions en route. Intel can be provided by either radar, planes (a lot of them) or ships on one of the orders in the zone. Ships that are fighting don't provide either.
  • Once the order is put in motion you don't need intel or supremacy anymore, the landing crafts will attempt to reach their goal, they can be, however, still intercepted sunk even while already coming ashore.
General tips:
  • Italy is the best nation to learn the game with in my opinion. If you are totally new to it simply play tutorial, or, if you feel so inclined, check out my instructional Italian playthrough or other Youtube videos of that kind.
  • After pressing the flag in the top left corner or shortcut "Q" will take you to your Focus Tree as well as Laws & Government screen. *Upon selecting a country in Diplomacy screen (shortcut "E") you can switch between "Diplomacy" and "Detail" tabs. The latter will show you the extent of your knowledge of the nations. The extent of it depends on the Encryption and Decryption levels of both of you.
  • Once there you can switch between nations by clicking on their territory on the map. Including your own.
submitted by Emnel to paradoxplaza [link] [comments]

Crash or Correction Cryptocurrency Sept 2018

The crypto markets are showing no signs of a correction after the 24 hour collapse that caused bitcoin to lose almost $1000.00 of its value. Even bigger loses from some of the major #altcoins. The slump saw billions wiped off the market value, with Bitcoin alone losing just over $9 billion within 60 minutes of trading. Ether, Bitcoin Cash, Monero and Litecoin all fell either just below or above 18%.
This is the first time since July that Bitcoin's value has been $7,000, following a steady stream of increases and putting the year-to-date decline at 60%. Over the last two weeks, the cryptocurrency has dropped by 17% and over just three days and has lost 48.76% of its value.
Facebook is to reverse a decision on banning cryptocurrency ads running on its social network.
The social network will immediately allow advertisers to promote cryptocurrency products again, backtracking on a previous decision to block them.
However, it said that advertisers wishing to do so must submit an application to help Facebook assess their eligibility — including any licenses they have obtained, whether they are traded on a public stock exchange, and other relevant public background on their business.
“Given these restrictions, not everyone who wants to advertise will be able to do so. But we’ll listen to feedback, look at how well this policy works and continue to study this technology so that, if necessary, we can revise it over time,” said Rob Leathern, product management director at Facebook.
Facebook brought in the ban in January. At the time it said that too many firms were “not currently operating in good faith". It added that the ban was “intentionally broad” while it worked to better detect deceptive and misleading advertising practices.
While the ban has been partially rescinded, Facebook continues to prohibit ads that promote binary options - where traders bet on a market movement for a set amount of money - and initial coin offerings. It added that users of the social network should continue to report content that violates its Advertising Policies by selecting “report ad” in the upper right-hand corner of any advertisement.
Bitcoin has suffered a fall in its value to just above $6,000 after more than $20 million in Bitcoin was seized from illegal vendors on the Darknet by the Department of Justice (DoJ) in the US. According to a statement released by the DoJ, the operation involved the Secret Service, the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Postal Inspection Service, and was the nation's "first nationwide undercover operation targeting darknet vendors”.
Law enforcement officials also seized illegal drugs, firearms, $3.6 million in cash and gold bars.
The digital currency could plummet further to $5,000 before summer ends, according to the Express, due to tough regulation in Japan and the hacking of some exchanges across Europe
submitted by Invest4life38 to u/Invest4life38 [link] [comments]

(X-posting - /r/hoi4 top thread of all times) Over 350 tips for new and older players - 1.1.0 Beta update.

26.06 UPDATE

Almost 100 new tips on top of dozens of smaller and bigger fixes. Includes current version of 1.1.0 beta patch. New and significantly altered tips are indicated by a “(+)” symbol in front of them. Ctrl-F and search for “(+)“ to cycle through them..

Streamer Multiplayer Event Announcement

Everyone's favorite bridger, youtube.com/c/Bridger the author of famous pre-release video guides is, along with to lesser extent myself, organizing a Multiplayer event for Streamers and Youtubers playing Hearts of Iron 4!
It is a very interesting 7 players, 3 faction format in which less experienced people will be paired with seasoned veterans. Fairly low intensity with 3 hours weekly (specifics tbd based on preferences of the players) should allow almost every streameyoutuber to participate.
Are you a StreameYoutuber? Check details here and sign-up here.
Are you a fan of a StreameYoutuber you want to see play with us? Go ahead and forward this post or BRIDGER'S VIDEO to them and perter them about it!
EDIT2: Guide now also available on Steam: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=700983094
And we are over 300 tips as well!
TL;DR, wonna watch to learn.
My Youtube HoI4 playthroughs:
Hearts of Iron 4 - Italy (Italian Introduction) - Basically an expanded tutorial. I won't be a full series, but I'll revisit Italy on Veteran Difficulty withing several weeks. Remade with better audio!
8 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Germany - True Blitzkrieg (Veteran difficulty) - Historical playthrough as Germany. "True Blitzkrieg" achievement, among others.
7 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Japan (Veteran Difficulty) - World Conquest as Japan - own faction, wars against Allies, Comintern and the Axis.
51 episodes out and 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - France - Big Entente (Veteran difficulty) - Creating the Little Entente faction and going to war with Hitler over Czechoslovakia in 1938 without UK to back us. "Big Entente" achievement.
3 episodes out on 28th and then 1 more every day.
Hearts of Iron 4 - Germany Twitch Stream - A per-release Twitch stream recording. Normal difficulty. Poor audio and overall bad quality.
30 hours worth of gameplay. Finished series.
Focus tree:
  • Almost all focus unlocks take 70 days. Use that to plan a "build" for a few years forward.
  • At the beginning try to get ones that give you extra research slots as well as free civilian and military factories.
  • Civilian factories are more important early on, unless you plan on going to war very early (like Japan).
  • Civilian and Military Factory focuses are extremely important for minor nations. Can't stress it enough.
  • Unlocks that allow you to peacefully annex a country are even better - usually provide much more factories of both types.
  • Democracies such as UK or USA have some focuses gated behind the World Tension requirements.
  • Fascist focus for nations using generic focus tree grants up to 7% of recruitable population. That's huge.
  • One-time research bonuses from focus tree won't be consumed by already active research.
  • Dotted line means that you need either of the prerequisite unlocks.
  • Green arrows with a red exclamation mark between them mean that those unlocks are mutually exclusive.
  • If in doubt read the damn tool-tips. They are actually quite good.
  • You can click on a focus to find more information along with some flavor text.
  • (+) Focus costs you 1 Political Power per day.
  • (+) Up to 10 political power will be applied to a new focus unlock equal to the number of days you had no focus active. If you had no active focus for more than 10 days, that number will be 10. You need to have that amount of PP to spare.
  • (+) You can’t switch or turn off the focus once it’s chosen.
  • (+) If your decryption is high enough you can see the focuses other nations are working on.
  • (+) If it is significantly higher than their encryption you can see their full focus trees with all unlocks.
  • (+) You can always see what mutually exclusive choice they made.
Research:
  • Different nations start with different techs unlocked.
  • Try to not research things ahead of time.
  • Especially more than 6 months ahead of time.
  • Some focuses will remove the ahead of time penalty for certain research.
  • 50% research bonus may make ahead of time research worth it, especially for important equipment models such as planes, ships or tanks.
  • (+) You switch the research before it’s finished. You progress will be preserved.
  • You can stock up on up to 30 days of research before it goes to waste.
  • (+) If you switch the research those up to 30 banked days will “move” to a new research.
  • (+) Research bonus will be used if you are restarting previously paused research.
  • (+) Research bonus once used will still affect paused research. 2nd research bonus won’t be applied if that research is resumed.
  • Always try to keep your electronic and industrial bonuses up to date.
  • Concentrated Industry is almost always better.
  • Don't ignore Encryption and Decryption. Side with decryption advantage gains combat bonus in all land battles.
  • Doctrines, especially land ones, grant very powerful bonuses and aren't limited by years. It's good to keep researching them whenever we can.
  • Mobile Warfare doctrine is best suited for fairly open terrain and countries with powerful industrial base since it focuses on both motorized infantry and tanks.
  • Superior Firepower is best suited for more difficult terrain, countries will not-limitless manpower pool and not too powerful industry. It focuses on infantry warfare with heavy artillery support.
  • Grand Battleplan doctrine is most general one with bonuses useful for all types of forces as well as powerful increase in planning bonuses. Safe, but not very focused choice for most nations. Additional points if you want to utilize AI control of your armies a lot.
  • Mass Assault land doctrine can provide massive manpower bonuses on top of great for the wide range of units, but mostly infantry. It is a good choice both for nations who have deep manpower pool but weak industry, but also for minor nations who would otherwise struggle with low manpower.
  • You can only follow one of the doctrines. Attempting to research a different one will remove all the progress from the one you followed before.
  • All of the Land Doctrine side paths are mutually exclusive. You can change them later but will lose all the techs from other branch.
  • Not all paths in Naval and Air doctrines are mutually exclusive. Look for dark grey squares with arrows.
  • For Air and Naval doctrines see their respective sections.
  • Naval Invasion technologies can be found on the very bottom of the Naval tree, below battleships, carriers and submarines.
  • That small icon in the top right corner of an aircraft research allows you to research a carrier version of it.
  • Carrier versions of the planes are more expensive to build and are weaker.
  • Similar icon with the red rocket on the Motorized unlock in the Infantry tab allows you to research Motorized Rocket Artillery.
  • You don't need to have standard Rocket Artillery unlocked to research and use a motorized version.
  • Each unlocked tack chassis allows you to research a Self-propelled (SP) anti-tank, artillery or anti-air vehicle based on that chassis.
  • They are usually more expensive to build, but more powerful that the towed versions.
  • Production cost is, on top of required resources, a good indicator how expensive certain equipment is.
  • Researching a new type of basic land unit (tanks, motorized infantry, marines, paratroopers, mountaineers) will give you a division template utilizing that unit.
  • If you research tanks before mechanized infantry your tank division template will have standard leg infantry.
  • When choosing what and when to research keep in mind that it takes months before new equipment or kind of unit reaches front lines in amounts that can make a difference, while passive bonuses are applied instantly.
  • (+) Synthetic Oil research simply limits the amount of Refineries per state.
Laws and government:
  • On normal difficulty you will gather 1 political power per day (2, but 1 is always paid for your focus).
  • Most of the changes to your laws and government cost 150 PP.
  • Communists and Fascists can switch to War Economy at any time. You should do that using your 1st 150 Political Power.
  • (+) Democracies and Non-Alligned nations need to be at war with enemy of fairly equal power first.
  • (+) Democracies and unaligned can only change Economy law to Early mobilization if World Tension is above 5%. Usually it’s better to wait for Partial Mobilization.
  • (+) Democracies and unaligned can only change Economy law to Partial Mobilization if World Tension is above 15%. Change is asap, unless you know you’ll be at war within few months.
  • (+) Total Mobilization cuts you recruitable population by 3%. If your Conscription Laws and/or other factors provide less than 3% or you are already using the difference you will end up with no manpower. Be careful.
  • Increasing conscription laws will add people to your manpower in an instant. No need to increase those laws before it's absolutely necessary.
  • Trade laws allow you to sacrifice % of your resources for industrial and research bonuses.
  • You will NOT have access to those resources even if no one will buy them.
  • Theorists allow you to research doctrines faster and provide minor experience income. Some of them may be quite expensive.
  • IF you have access to advisors that increase the speed of your civilian and military factory production they are a very good early choices.
  • So is advisor that increases your Political Power gain by 15%, but keep in mind that he needs 500 days to even pay for himself.
  • Design company bonus is applied then research FINISHES. It isn't important if you had a designed factory chosen when research started.
  • If you have enough PP it may be a good idea to keep switching them around for major researches.
  • (+) Atm (including version 1.1.0) Military Staff hires that increase planes’ Attack, Defence and Agility either have no ingame effect or it isn’t shown in tooltips. It’s impossible to tell. Avoid.
Diplomacy:
  • (+) You can open diplomacy screen by r-clicking on a selected nation’s territory with in basic map mode (F1) with no units selected or by picking it from diplomacy screen (E).
  • (+) Once there you can switch the tab from “Diplomacy” to “Details” to see more information about the selected nation.
  • (+) If there are two numbers present they are the borders of the estimation based on your encryption level.
  • (+) World Tension is a mechanic that almost exclusively helps Democracies and Non-Aligned.
  • (+) Wargoal justification time is lowered by World Tension by 1% per every 2% of WT.
  • (+) Democracies can’t justify a wargoal against country that has not increased world tension.
  • (+) Democracies need 100% World Tension to be able to justify a wargoal. (50% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Claims only make justification slightly faster.
  • (+) Justifying for a single state is preferable.
  • (+) Democracies need 80% World Tension to create, join a faction or invite to one. (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Democracies need 70% World Tension to be able to send volunteers (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) The amount of volunteers you can send depends on the number of divisions you control.
  • (+) Volunteers can’t be manually recalled. They will, however, return within 2 weeks if the war ends or you end up in a war.
  • (+) Democracies need 50% World Tension to be able to send Land Lease (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • (+) Democracies need 25% World Tension to be able to Guarantee Independence. (40% for Non-Aligned)
  • vGuaranteeing independence costs political power (more for every active guarantee) and lowers World Tension by 1,7% when used.
  • (+) If guaranteed nation is attacked and they both end up in the same war guaranteed nation can join the defender’s faction regardless of WT.
  • (+) AI will always do that.
  • (+) You can spend political power to boost your party (political option) popularity in the country.
  • (+) When it is high enough you can wait for a government change (can be peaceful or bloody) or stage a coup by spending 200 political power over 400 days and sending weapons.
  • (+) The power of the coup is determined by the party support when you start staging it. For whatever reason.
  • (+) You can send Expeditionary Forces to your allies in the war. It simply transfers control of certain units.
  • (+) Expeditionary Forces can be returned or recalled at moment’s notice.
  • (+) To learn about non-aggression pacts hover over the option and wait for a tooltip to appear.
  • (+) All of the WT requirements can be circumvented by focus tree unlocks. Specifics differ from nation to nation.
  • (+) Nation will surrender if it controls less % of its Victory Points (from core provinces) than its National Integrity. Hover over the surrender bar in the war manu to see more.
  • (+) On top of all the Victory Points assigned to specific provinces all the standard provinces are worth a fraction of a VP.
  • (+) If a nation is a part of a faction it will surrender only its core provinces. It will keep the colonies and there will be resistance on its lands.
  • (+) Nation that surrenders without being in a faction doesn’t produce resistance on its lands and all of its territory is annexed by a victor.
  • (+) Faction surrenders when all its Major Members surrender. Hover over surrender bar in the war screen for details.
  • (+) Faction members that have not been invaded cannot be annexed or otherwise affected by the peace deal. They will end up out of faction, at peace and with a peace treaty with the victor.
Trade:
  • You have no control over the amount of your resources set aside by your trade laws. You won't have access to them no matter if anyone actually buys them.
  • You can buy 8 units of any resource per civilian factory used for trade.
  • Trade can be cancelled instantly. You factories will be back constructing your buildings.
  • Countries you are at war with won't trade with you.
  • Some countries can embargo you via their focus tree.
  • Countries will sell their resources to those who have highest trade influence over them.
  • (+) Hover over Export number to see who is buying from that nation and what is their trade influence.
  • (+) Hover over Influence number to see what makes up your trade influence with the nation.
  • Try not to buy less than 8 resources/factory. Especially early on.
  • If other countries actually buy resources that you export you will "get" the civilian factories they spend. Hover over "Exported: x" sections in the top part of that screen to see if anyone is buying.
  • You only get the civilian factory output if a nation actually buys anything from you. Rest of the "exported" goods are being wasted.
  • (+) You need enough convoys to be able to carry the resources home.
  • (+) Those convoys can be attacked. Green lines indicate the routes of your import convoys.
  • (+) Oddly enough supply convoys use the same colour. Hover over them for details.
  • (+) You need 1 point of suppression for every victory point in the state. (before occupation law modifiers).
  • (+) You can change occupation laws after clicking a button on the bottom of your country screen (shortcut: Q).
  • (+) To control the state you need to control the provinces with most of the VPs.
  • (+) You won’t get resources from the state that isn’t under your control.
Construction:
  • Your civilian factories are used to construct all the buildings. That includes your military and civilian factories.
  • Up to 15 civilian factories can be used to produce one building.
  • They are assigned automatically from the top to the bottom of your list.
  • Hover over the progress bar to see details.
  • % of your civilian factories will be used to produce consumer goods. Those are basically lost to you.
  • That number is a % of all your factories (civilian + military ones) based on your economy law rounded up. For example if you have 50 civilian and 52 military factories and your economy law is War Economy 16 of your civilian factories will be used to produce civilian goods (15% out of 102 rounded up). With 50 civilian ones and 52 military ones you're left with 34 civilian factories to do your construction. Now let's assume that you have 20 civilian factories and 82 military ones instead. You still need to use 15% of all those factories for civilian production, so 16 factories, but since you only have 20 that leaves you with just 4 factories to do all of your constructions.
  • Military factories are two times cheaper than civilian ones and they get additional construction time bonuses from economy laws.
  • (+) Dockyard construction speed isn’t affected by worse economy laws the same way military and civilian factories are.
  • Synthetic Factories aren't worth building as long as you can buy oil and rubber since they are more expensive than civilian factories that can be used to buy more of those resources.
  • Resources produced by Synthetic Factories are affected by both your trade laws and being in occupied provinces. For example if you have a Free Trade policy your Synthetic Factory will only give you 1 Oil and 0 Rubber.
  • Airbases are really quick to build. Infrastructure and ports, not so much.
  • Amount of radar and synthetic factories you can build per state is limited by your radar and synthetic industry research. Radar is worth researching if you need it. Synthetics almost never are.
  • Converting factories to the other type is almost never worth it.
Production:
  • Military factories use Production Efficiency system.
  • Naval Dockyards don't.
  • When you switch the production to a different commodity (light tanks to medium tanks, infantry equipment to motorized etc.) your efficiency on that line is reset to 10%.
  • When you switch to a different level of the same equipment (Infantry Weapons I to Infantry Weapons II, Light tank model 1934 to Light tank model 1936 etc.) you efficiency is cut in half.
  • You can use experience to create new variants of armoured, airborne or naval equipment.
  • When you switch to a different exp. variant of the same equipment you only lose 10% of the efficiency.
  • Production Efficiency increases over time.
  • If you are missing some of the resources needed for production the equipment will still be produced, but slower. Hover over the yellow progress bar to see details.
  • Production Efficiency increase is also slower.
  • Support Equipment, Motorized and Convoys never get old. If in doubt produce some of those.
  • it may not be a bad idea to start producing an older model of an important new equipment that you are researching to get a some headstart on Prod. Eff.
  • You can't use exp to modify equipment from Infantry&Artillery tab.
  • You can still modify Self-Propelled artillery, anti-air and anti-tank pieces.
Division design:
  • Division is made of regiments (columns) that are made of battalions.
  • You can rename, duplicate and change equipment options of a division for free.
  • You can also mark those divisions Reserve, Regular or Elite - it affects the order they get their equipment. You can change it at any time for free as well.
  • There is no way of creating a "blank" division template. All new templates must be created by first duplicating and then changing. Give it a few tries to find a cheapest option for your liking.
  • (+) You can, however, recreate basic division of your nation for free by clicking the “Division designer” button up top.
  • Anschluss of Austria gives you their division designs.
  • Adding or removing a battalion costs 5 army exp.
  • Adding a first new type of unit to a division (mobile or tank battalion to an infantry division or an infantry battalion to a tank division) costs 25 army exp. Next ones will cost 5 exp.
  • Adding or removing a support brigade costs 10 army exp.
  • Division has a combat width that is a sum of combat widths of all its lane battalions. All anti air and towed anti tank have width of 1, all artillery have width of 3, rest has a width of 2.
  • Division speed is a speed of the slowest battalion.
  • Support battalions have no width or speed. That makes support artillery a very good addition to your fast divisions.
  • Rocket artillery is a bit more offensively oriented than a standard one but their specific performance will depend on your techs.
  • Anti-air doesn't seem to be worth it at all.
  • Organization of the division is an average of the organization of all its parts.
  • Artillery, tanks and support battalions have very low organization making use of enough infantry battalions necessary.
  • 9999/10000 of the battles are lost because one side ran out of organization.
  • Higher the hardness the better (unless enemy is actively spamming anti-tank guns or something).
  • If armor of a division is higher than piercing of the division it is fighting it will not only receive 50% less damage but it will also deal 50% more.
  • Recon and Engineer supports are worth it for almost every combat division.
  • Logistic company is also great, especially if you are fighting in a difficult, infrastructure-less terrain.
  • Field Hospitals are excellent choice if you are afraid of running out of manpower.
  • (+) Combat Width in every province is equal to 80 + 40 per every additional angle of attack.
  • For that reason you should aim for divisions of with combat width of 20, or even 10.
  • I find divisions with strength around 10 a step too far. The organization hit from support battalions and an equipment cost of them is too high, unless you counteract it with very specific doctrines.
  • There are very few advantages to having really big combat divisions.
  • If they are to be used in Army Group under command of Field Marshal with "Offensive Doctrine" ability (-10% combat width) then you can go for 22 and 11.
  • Optimal division designs depend on your chosen doctrines, enemies you're facing and the terrain you're fighting in.
  • You won't need anti-tank fighting China in 1937, but should probably get some against Germany in 1940.
  • Tanks won't achieve much in Iran or western China, but will shine in European Soviet union. Against comparable enemy that is.
  • Good basic infantry division is made of 7 infantry battalions and 2 artillery battalions. (or 8 infantry if going for 22).
  • Good enough Marine/Mountaineer divisions are the same as Infantry ones, but with those types of infantry instead.
  • (+) Very light infantry divisions (5/6 battalions with support artillery, recon and engineers) have their uses too, especially in difficult terrain and against a less powerful opponent.
  • (+) It may be a good idea to build some cheaper infantry divisions to have them hold easier parts of the frontline.
  • Tanks need infantry in their divisions to counteract their very low organization.
  • Decent early game tank division consists of 4 tank battalions and 2 motorized infantry.
  • Later on you can add another mot. infantry battalion and 2 self-propelled or motorized artillery units to get to the width of 20.
  • Once you unlock mechanized infantry you can replace your motorized units with it where they won't negatively affect the division's speed.
  • Motorized infantry division is a good, cheaper fast alternative to panzer divisions with less severe terrain penalties.
  • Later you can try replacing some of your regular infantry with mechanized units.
  • The more production-intensive, technologically advanced and equipped your army is the lower will be your losses. Mechanized divisions with a lot of heavy artillery or heavy panzer divisions will take a fraction of casualties standard infantry division would take on the offensive.
  • Try to adjust your strategy to the capabilities of both your industry and manpower pool.
  • Early on it should simply consist of desired amount of Mot. Infantry battalions, but later you may want to add a few self-propelled or motorized artillery battalions to mirror Infantry Division setups.
  • Speed is often a better firepower than firepower itself.
  • Cavalry has twice the suppression of infantry. It is the best kind of unit for your policing needs.
  • (+) Most cost effective military police unit is one consisting of a dingle cavalry battalion. Use them to garrison your conquered territory that still generates resistance.
  • (+) Few bigger (4cav to 6cav) units to manually put into more difficult states are also a good idea.
  • Do not ignore the resistance, it will wreck your infrastructure and factories, disrupt your supply flow and so on.
  • Police divisions aren't supposed to fight. Don't wait for them to be fully trained, just deploy them as soon as they are 20% done.
  • Freshly recruited divisions will have an experienced level of "Trained", unless it was deployed earlier.
  • Divisions that don't have enough experience to reach "trained" are considered "Green" and suffer -25% penalty in combat.
  • You can exercise your divisions further till they reach next experience level of "regular" granting them +25% combat bonus.
  • Performing exercise costs equipment (equal to 6% attrition) and lowers your organization to 15% of max value.
  • It also provides you army experience.
  • It is better to go to war with "trained" but equipped army than with "Regular" that is lacking supply. Do not exercise more than your military production allows.
  • Adding new units to the divisions (for example by adding new battalions to existing division designs) will lower the training level of your divisions.
  • It is better for your troops to have 1 less artillery battalion than to go to war as "Green".
  • You can duplicate your division designs to be able to produce slightly upgraded versions of ones you have without dipping those already in the field and fighting into "Green" territory. You upgrade those later.
  • If you have ports or coastlines that are prone to being naval invaded you may want to create dedicated garrison units.
  • Dedicated "garrison units" (not to confuse with garrisoning order) don't have to be limited to 20 width, since they are meant to fight alone. Stick some more infantry and artillery in them and an engineer support and you have a cheap, powerful unit. Unlike the police units you want them to be fully trained.
  • I prefer sticking such dedicated "garrison units" into ports by using s series of small “fallback lines". That makes sure that all of those places are well defended. AI would attempt to do that if you were to use a garrison order, but they sometimes fail. You would also need kore such divisions, since they also garrison major inland cities.
  • Breakthrough is a defense stat used when your divisions are attacking. Defense is a defensive stat used when they are defending.
  • Infantry tends to have much higher defense than breakthrough. Tanks have it the other way around.
Land combat:
  • Hover over combat stats of your and enemy's divisions. They will provide an amazing amount of useful information. Really. Keep doing that. Especially if you're losing.
  • Organization is binary. If you have some you fight at your max effectiveness. If you don't then you don't fight.
  • Divisions strength actually affects your combat stats - it is a representation of the % of available manpower and equipment.
  • Both defensive stats (Defense or Breakthrough, see above) only need to be equal to enemy attack stat after all modifiers are applied. All the enemy attacks in the battle up to the level of the defensive stat have 10% chance of inflicting damage. Once all of the defence is used up the rest of the attacks have 40% chance to harm.
  • For example if attacking infantry unit has 40 Breakthrough and the defenders have 60 soft attack then 10% of the 40 attack will do damage, but 20 that is left unchallenged will harm 40% of the time.
  • You units suffer attrition while moving, being out of supply or exercising. It is affected by terrain and weather condition.
  • Look out for mud. Mud is the most brutal of all terrain/weather modifiers. Do not attack into mud.
  • Russia has a lot of mud, especially in spring and autumn.
  • You can order your forces to assist in combat in a neighbouring province instead of attacking by Ctrl+r-clicking the battle indicator on the map. They won't advance into that province after the battle is won.
  • Make sure supplies are reaching your troops (press F4 to see the map). Lack of them will devastate your troops' performance.
  • (+) For supply to freely move from one supply area to another you need to control border provinces between those two regions.
  • (+) If your supplies are delivered by sea all of the ports in the supply area where they arrive are are counted towards throughput.
  • (+) Infrastructure level matters even in provinces made of a single island with a port.
  • (+) Game will chose the route for your supplies. You cannot manually adjust it.
  • (+) Atm supply-carrying convoys seem to be completely invulnerable and aren’t affected by any aerial or naval threats.
  • Units that are out of supplies for too long will start passively losing organization and will suffer from -33% combat penalty.
  • Encirclement penalty of -30% is brutal, especially coupled with supply issues.
  • Having Air Superiority in the Air region (F3) will decrease defences of enemy forces by up to 50% (!). It also lowers their movement speed by the same amount (!!!).
  • To achieve full Air Superiority you not only have to have more plains than the enemy, you also need to have enough planes in the region to cover it completely. Hover over that bar under the picture in Air Region screen (F3).
  • All the planes operation in the region count towards the air superiority.
  • Bombers providing air support not only deal damage to enemies in who are fighting battles, but also provide combat bonuses to our troops. They aren't however as big as Air Superiority ones.
  • Ships anchored in the adjacent sea zone will provide Naval Bombardment penalties of -25% to enemies in shore provinces.
  • Rivers are no joke. Attacking through a river into mountains or urban areas into entrenched enemy positions is one of the best way of disposing of excessive manpower.
  • Using division designer learn how your troops are doing in various terrain. For example you shouldn't attempt to perform naval invasions or attack into urban areas with tanks.
Battleplans:
  • To gain planning bonus your divisions need to stand still at the frontline, while being assigned to attack order.
  • Planning bonus will slowly fade away while you aren't doing so. Be it if you are fighting, advancing or even standing in the same spot after the plan was deleted.
  • If you want to fully manually control your troops you should simply delete all the frontlines when you are starting the offensive. Planning bonus won't simply disappear (see above).
  • You can assign manual orders to units under Ai control. They will override AI ones, but unit will go back doing its thing the second your que-ed up orders are finished. That may mean your panzer divisions 1 provinces deep into enemy territory strategically redeploying to the far end of their frontline 30 provinces away.
  • If you want to keep one of your armies focused at the certain part of the front for example while advancing you can keep shortening their frontline, while holding Alt.
  • If you will have a line of frontlines one ending where other starts they will stay clipped like that. It doesn't prevent lines from expanding due to newly acquired territory.
  • Ctrl+r-click on a frontline or an order selects all the units assigned to it.
  • Ctrl+clicking on a frontline or an order assigns all selected units to it.
  • Assigning a unit to an order automatically assigns it to the proper frontline as well. Not the other way around if you have more than one order attached to the frontline.
  • Division can only be assigned to a single ordefrontline.
  • Ctrl+H unassigns selected units from any orders/frontlines.
  • "S" is a shortcut for unselecting half of currently selected units. Useful along with those Crtl+key commands for assigning different amounts of divisions to various orders.
  • By pressing the right facing arrow button on top of your army icon you can activate all the orders for that army.
  • You can also Shift-click on that button and then on a specific order arrow on the map to activate only that order.
  • Red square button to the left simply stops all the orders in motion for that army. Tooltip is incorrect.
  • Red exclamation mark means that the unit is not assigned to any orders or frontlines.
  • Yellow exclamation mark means that the unit can't for some reason reach the position required of it by an order it is assigned to.
  • Units will often bug out and stay in ports with the yellow exclamation mark. You need to manually select them and r-click on a port you want them to move on their way to their objective. They'll figure it out from there.
  • You can move units overseas by either assigning them to an order there or by moving them to the port and then manually r-clicking the port you want them to sail to. See the bug described above.
  • Units assigned to an order overseas will go to the nearest port and sail to the port that is nearest their desired position. They will not take the length of sea travel into account. For example Italian unit in Belgium ordered to move to Egypt with Gibraltar blocked will instead of going to the Marseille and catching a boat there embark in Belgium and sail all the way around Africa. Watch out for it.
  • Garrision order will do an ok-ish job of dealing with resistance, but won't help at all against enemy attack.
  • Use fallback line orders to establish defensive positions on your borders, shores etc.
  • You can use a fallback line behind your lines as a rally point for the troops that you're recruiting. Simply draw it and after clicking on that circle left from the location selection bar click on that fallback line. Your troops will go there after spawning. Useful if you are using AI to fight your battles since adding units straight to your fighting forces will confuse the battleplane AI and make your offensives stall.
  • Full shield indicator means maxed out entrenchment bonus.
  • Battleplan AI is, in general, way too conservative when on the offensive.
  • (+) In version 1.1.0 you can switch between Careful, Standard and Aggressive stances for your armies.
  • (+) As of today (26.06) in 1.1.0 divisions in armies with any active battleplans will never strategically redeploy on their own.
  • (+) They will only use standard movement.
  • (+) Units may decide to march to the opposite adge of a frontline – a feat that can take weeks in some cases.
  • (+) Once a unit starts such movement it will not change is or stop it till it arrives at its destination. No matter if it still makes any sense. It is less problematic if divisions are strategically redeploying since it doesn’t take weeks.
---OVER THE THREAD LIMIT - REST IN THE COMMENTS---
Airforce:
---LINK---
Navy:
---LINK---
Naval Invasions:
---LINK---
General tips:
  • (+) You can opt into a beta patch (1.1.0 atm) by r-clicking on Hearts of Iron 4 in your Steam library, going to Preferences -> Betas and then selecting a proper beta from the drop down menu.
  • Italy is the best nation to learn the game with in my opinion. If you are totally new to it simply play tutorial, or, if you feel so inclined, check out my instructional Italian playthrough or other Youtube videos of that kind.
submitted by Emnel to paradoxplaza [link] [comments]

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